Wednesday, October 23, 2019

A section of Karatina Vocational Training Center students holding up trees during the launch of a tree planting campaign for this short rainfall season where the government targets to plant 30, 000 trees.

The opportunity to raise the country’s tree cover from the current 7.2 to 10 percent by the year 2022 in line with government projections lies in private lands and public institutions, the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) has said.

KFS Chief Conservator, Julius Kamau, said the forested area in the country constituted 4 percent of the entire land surface in the country and added this is not adequate to achieve the required percentage.

“Raising the remaining percentage to meet the 10 percent threshold means we have to shift our focus to other areas such as private lands and public institutions such as schools and colleges,”  Kamau said.

He called for partnerships between all the players in environmental conservation including the county governments as well as other non-state actors.

“KFS cannot deliver on this mandate alone. Partnership is the only way of achieving the 10 percent tree cover in the country,” Kamau said.

He was speaking at Karatina Vocational Training Center  while launching a tree planting campaign dubbed “Adopt a Tree Program” in Nyeri during the ongoing short rainfall season.

The campaign which is an initiative by a conservation group called ‘Hearts of Green Organization’ targets to plant 30, 000 tree seedlings in some 23 schools in the county in the coming two weeks.

Nyeri is one of the leading counties with the highest tree cover in the country at 38 percent.

Kamau at the same time urged all Kenyans to take up the responsibility of planting and nurturing trees which he said called for change of attitude and behavior on matters conservation.

“It is the responsibility of all Kenyans to contribute to this wonderful goal of increasing our tree cover by planting and nurturing trees to maturity,” said Kamau.

Hearts of Green Organization Chair, Moses Muya, said the ‘Adopt a Tree Program’ aims at cultivating tree planting and nurturing culture among children.

Muya said the program that has been running in the counties of Kiambu, Nakuru, Laikipia and Nyeri will soon be extended to other counties.

He said they are also in the process of launching model nurseries in all the eight Sub-counties in Nyeri in collaboration with KFS, Water Towers Agency and the area County government.

Muya at the same time announced plans to hold a tree planting marathon in all the schools within the county in June next year where they target to plant one million trees in school compounds.

County Water, Environment and Natural Resources CEC, Fredrick Kinyua, said the government was working on plans of raising the tree cover to 42 percent in a span of four years.

He said some of the plans put in place to achieve this was establishment of a partnership with Upper Tana Nairobi Water Fund that will see one million trees planted in the next three years.

Kinyua also reported that the government had established a tree nursery with over 100,000 seedlings that mostly concentrated on promoting fruit trees planting including avocado and macadamia which will also act as a source of income for local residents.

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Members of public visiting various exhibition stalls during a one day Agricultural education event held at Wamunyu in Mwala sub county

Kenya is very vulnerable to climate change with current projections suggesting that its temperature will rise up by 2.5ºC in the near future while rainfall will become more intense and less predictable. Even the slightest increase in frequency of droughts will present major challenges for food security and water availability, especially in Kenya’s Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs).

In order to mitigate againsts the adverse effects of climate change, the Machakos County Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, held an exhibition at Wamunyu Ward in Mwala Sub-County to forewarn residents of the inevitable challenges. The fair, that was sponsored by among others, Kenya Cereal Enhancement programme-Climate Resilient Agricultural Livelihood, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Adaption for smallholders’ Agricultural programme (ASAP).

The aim of the event was to educate small-scale famers on high end farming practices to help them confront the adverse effects of rapidly changing weather patterns. Various organizations and agrochemical companies were present to educate famers on best farming practices ahead of the current short rains.  Among companies present included Agriseedco Limited, Pioneer seed maize, Kenya Agro, Dryland seeds, Continental seeds, Kenya Biologies, Utooni Development org and Famers Agri-business Solutions.

A  sales representative with Dry Land Seeds, Mr. Simon Kiio, said farmers need to be educated on the right seeds to plant depending on the rainfall patterns of a particular region. He said unless this knowledge is inculcated to the locals, the country will be ill prepared to confront the ghosts of climate change. “We need to educate famers on best farming practices and the kind of seeds depending on the ecological characteristics of an area. We are educating our farmers on what seed variety can do well in areas that receive minimal amount of rainfall like in the Ukambani region which has a poor rainfall distribution pattern. This way, farmers can be assured of better yields regardless of changing climate patterns,” he said.

Pioneer Seeds Company used the occasion to launch its new P2859W maize seed variety takes three months to attain full maturity.  According to Mercy Mutheu who is the company’s sales officer, the fast maturing seed is ideal for Machakos due to its frequent dry spells.  Furthermore, she pointed out, the farmer is assured of a bumper harvest compared to traditional seed varieties.  “This maize variety takes less time to mature, has a high yield and do well under our region’s climate thus suiting our famers. It’s the most preferable maize seed to our famers. The maize stalk remains green throughout and the crop is usually ready after three months,” said Mutheu.

In April this year, Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Country leader in charge of Inclusive Value Chains Mr. Tito Arunga while attending a similar trade fair in Machakos town called on both the national and county governments to encourage farmers to embrace smart farming in order to cushion the country against the threat of climate change. He said Kenya still remains a food insecure county and as such every effort should be made to mitigate against undesirable effects emanating from climate change.“As the world is confronted with the reality of climate change, our farmers should be encouraged to embrace smart agriculture. Farmers should make sure that they utilize the little rain we receive by undertaking agricultural husbandry practices,” urged the official.

And for those who attended the event, the gains were more than they expected.

For instance Phoebe Nthenya, a small scale farmer from Wamunyu hailed the initiative terming it a windfall at the right time.   She told the press she had gained much insight during the forum and was ready to go in implementing the same in her farm. “I thank the organizers of this event for educating local famers of this region. We have acquired a lot that will help us increase production in our farms,” she said at the close of the event.

While making his closing remarks, Machakos county Agricultural Livestock and Fisheries Chief officer Mr. Luka Kioko termed the exercise an overall success.  He further announced that the event will henceforth be held once a year and urged farmers to take advantage of the farm inputs at the exhibition to help boost food production. “As a government we are grateful for the efforts that were undertaken in organizing this event. Going forward we wish to announce the exhibition will be from now on be running once in a year to help boost our efforts in attaining food security,” he assured participants.

 

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Css from right- Environment Cs Keriako Tobiko,Cs foreign affairs Amb. Dr. Monica Juma, defence Cs Rachel Omamo, and sports Cs amb. Amina Mohamed water a tree they planted during the launch of national tree planting campaign for the short rains, at Mituini, Ngond road forest-Nairobi County.

Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko has assured the public that the Maasai Mau Forest will be restored.

“We are planning to do massive re-afforestation in the Maasai Mau Forest where 10 million seedlings will be planted to ensure the forest is restored to its original state” The CS said.

The CS revealed that since issuance of the 60 days notice for illegal settlers to move out of the forest, about 80% of the reclamation process will have been completed and by the end of the process the forest will be restored to its pristine state.

The CS was speaking in Ngong Road Forest during the launch of the National Tree Planting Campaign for the short rains.

It is expected that when the illegal occupants vacate the forest, 17,000 hectares of forest land will be repossessed which is an equivalent to 37% of the Maasai Mau Forest. This will provide room for restoration of the approximately 17,000Ha in Maasai Mau Forest and contribute to recovery of 73% of the Mau forest cover.

The reclamation of the water tower will not only discourage further encroachment and illegal acquisition of land in the forest and other water towers in the country but contribute to ecosystem resilience and promote livelihoods, tourism, and agriculture among others.

Css from right- Environment Cs Keriako Tobiko,Cs foreign affairs Amb. Dr. Monica Juma, defence Cs Rachel Omamo, and sports Cs amb. Amina Mohamed water a tree they planted during the launch of national tree planting campaign for the short rains, at Mituini, Ngond road forest-Nairobi County.

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The PS, Betty Maina, flanked by the Diretor, Environmental Awareness, Dr. Ayub Macharia, the DA, Mr. Henry Obino and Mr. Isaiah Maina, during the event.

The Principal Secretary Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Betty Maina, has lauded National Environment Management Authority (Nema) for licensing E-waste recyclers; WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Centre) and three other recyclers, noting that, Electronic waste recycling was a new venture and a business opportunity, and hence encouraged more stakeholders to venture into.

Speaking today, when she presided over the E-waste Collection Challenge Event at the NHIF Building car park, the PS noted that, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry had come up with the “E-waste collection Challenge” to divert waste that could have ended up at home and dumpsites. “I have written to our sister Ministries, Departments and other Government Agencies, to gather E-waste within their premises and give it to the recyclers for proper disposal.” Said the PS. This will reduce pollution to our environment remarkably, she said.

At the same time, the PS observed that, the Ministry had also formulated a E-waste regulation that will be signed into law soon to ensure producers of electric and electronic equipment (EEE) take responsibility of end of life of their equipment and ensure its safe disposal.

The PS, presenting e-waste from her office for safe disposal.

We have developed an E-waste strategy as our roadmap in waste management. We are also developing the Extended Producer Responsibility to strengthen the polluter pay principle, the PS noted.

The PS thanked Safaricom Company and the Communication Authority, which have allowed their shops to be dropping points for e-waste. Kindly drop your e-waste there, the PS remarked.

The event was a run-up activity for the International E-Waste Day, which will be held on Monday 14th October at WEEE Centre, Utawala, and Nairobi.

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The CS, Mr. Keriako Tobiko in a group photo with the staff of KFS, after touring their stand at the Nbi International Trade Fair.

The Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Forestry, Mr.  Keriako Tobiko, has called on Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI), to enhance research to ensure quality seed and seedling production in a bid to help the government achieve the 10% required forest cover.

Mr. Tobiko made the remarks when he toured the Kenya Forestry Research Institute stand at the ongoing Nairobi International Trade Fair 2019 at Jamhuri Park grounds, Nairobi.

The KEFRI stand was ranked the best in demonstrating seed production and marketing, as well as in interpreting the current show theme (Overall), and – research/education category.

The CS said that, value addition to forest products and support community in seedling production through forestry innovations and transformative technologies, will go a long way, in supporting agriculture and trade.

The CS, who later toured the Kenya Forest Service stand and the Kenya Water Towers Agency stand, commended the KFS for winning awards at the event, saying that, the awards should translate to better service delivery to Kenyans.

KFS was awarded the 1st best Community Based Organization Project Stand, second best government stand, 1st best energy services and conservation stand, and 3rd best Organization Association in Community Projects service stand.

The theme for this year’s Nairobi International Trade Fair is ’’Promoting Innovation and Technology in Agriculture and Trade’’. Over 500 local and international exhibitors are showcasing products and services at the event.

The seven day exhibition is the largest Trade Fair the East African Region.

The CS, Mr. Keriako Tobiko, with the KEFRI staff after touring their stand.

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Ministry of Environment Chief Administrative Secretary (CAS), Hon. Mohamed Elmi today met representatives of donors  partners supporting environmental activities in the country.
The meeting for the Environment Conservation and Natural Resources Group is supporting supporting government efforts in addressing the management and conservation of environment and natural resources in Kenya.
Speaking during the meeting Hon. Elmi said that ,the aim of the meeting was to engage donors  on areas of cooperation with a view of sourcing for more donor funding for environmental conservation and climate change-related activities.
Hon. Elmi called on the donors to prioritize waste management and create a working  group that will help the government in streamlining the sector to a circular economy.
The CAS called for other donors to support the government and provide funding for environmental conservation activities and climate change.
The CAS said that the engagement with donors was ideal in assisting the government to make more informed understanding of climate finance flows, and ensure donor support is aligned to strategic ministry programs and projects that are geared towards environmental protection.

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PS, Min. of Env. & Forestry, Betty Maina, chairing the World Bank meeting in the Ministry’s boardroom, flanked by the Director of Prgrammes, Agnes Yobteric.

The government will invest more resources in Lake Victoria Environmental Management Programme (LVEMP), to strengthen its capacity in environmental restoration of the lake basin.

The Principal Secretary for Environment and Forestry Ms Betty Maina has said that the government will forge for more development partners to participate in restoration of environmental status of Lake Victoria, saying the lake basin plays a critical role in the social economic activities for residents in the region.

The PS was speaking today in her office, when she received a team of World Bank officials who paid he a courtesy call, the team was on a mission to acquaint themselves with various programs under the Ministry.

The officials led by Mr. Ian G. Shukar, head of East Africa, Environment and Natural Resources. Shukar disclosed that the Lake Victoria Environmental Program (LVEMP) will be restructured from regional to national status in order to attract new funding.

Phase two of the program came to an end recently, LVEMP largely funded by the World bank among other development partners, and the government is sourcing for fresh funding.

The newly restructured LVEMP will serve more national than regional interests , it will have emphasis on climate change and forestry conservation.

During the meeting it was revealed that the LVEMP project will focus on the nationally determined contributions in reducing carbon emissions and landscape restoration.

Present during the meeting was, Ministry of Environment Director of Programs , Projects and Strategic Initiatives, Ms Agnes Yobterick, the Head of Conservation Directorate Alfred Gichu and Dr. Charles Mutai, Director of Climate Change.

PS, Min. of Env. & Forestry, Betty Maina, chairing the World Bank meeting in the Ministry’s boardroom, flanked by the Director of Prgrammes, Agnes Yobteric.

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Former Prime Minister Raila Odinga condoling the family of former Transport and Licensing Board (TLB) chairman the late Hassan Ole Kamwaro during his burial in Narok Saturday. Photo courtesy of KNA

Politicians and government officials have vowed to ensure that Mau water tower is restored.

Speaking during the burial of former Transport and Licensing Board (TLB) chairman Hassan Ole Kamwaro burial held in Oloropil in Narok North Sub County, the politicians led by former Prime Minister Raila Odinga said that they would be backing the government in evicting those who have encroached on Mau forest.

Raila said there was need to find an urgent solution to the degraded Maasai Mau forest in order to save lives in Kenya and beyond and the famous Maasai Mara game reserve which is known worldwide for its spectacular wildebeest migration.

Cabinet Secretary for the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Keriako Tobiko who was present reiterated his earlier stance that there was no going back on restoration of the Maasai Mau forest.

According to the CS, restoration of Mau was a government decision and neither was it targeting any community nor perpetuated by anyone.

“The reason why Mau must be protected is very clear. It’s a lifeline for millions of people all the way up to the River Nile,” he added.

He said that the government was planning to plant two billion trees in the country by 2022 in a quest to protect all water towers in Kenya.

Rift Valley Regional Coordinator George Natembeya urged the people to move out of Mau on their own before the 60 day notice expired.

He asked the Maasai community to lead by example and hand over the title deeds for the land they owned in Mau. Politicians on the other hand were asked to stop politicizing the matter as it was already decided.

“People in Mau have until the end of the 60 days to leave the Mau after that you will be forced out. We want to plant 10 million trees in Mau beginning in November,” Natembeya said.

Siaya Senator James Orengo said that leaders should join hands in ensuring Mau was restored, adding that it was the government policy to conservation of the environment.

“As a lawyer, I will join lawyers when called upon to defend Mau. I will personally deal with probonos handed by anyone against Mau eviction,” he added.

The late TLB Chairman Ole Kamwaro also had immense passion for the environmental conservation and was an ardent supporter of the Mau restoration initiative. In his home in Ewir Emayian, he had established an ongoing 6, 000 tree nursery farm to affirm his great contribution to boost the forest cover in Narok County.

He died last month while undergoing treatment for cancer of the throat in USA at the age of 71.

The second phase of the water towers restoration is estimated to affect over 10, 000 households including school going children.

During the first phase of the eviction in July last year, about 7, 700 people were evicted from the forest land which saw over 12, 000 acres of the forest reclaimed. It was centered in Reiya group ranch while the second phase has Nkoben, Ilmotiok and Ololunga on the radar. The others are Enokishomi, Enoosokon, Nkaroni and Sisian.

The eviction attracted political undertones with leaders from the Maa and Kalenjin communities in bitter exchange. The Maa leaders wanted the evictions to go on while the Kalenjin leaders want it stopped terming it illegal and inhuman.

The Mau is the largest water tower in the country supporting millions of human life and wildlife in Kenya and beyond.

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National Youth Service Director General Matilda Sakwa (Left) and Food and Agriculture Organization Country Representative Dr. Gabriel Rugalema when they launched a tree planting exercise at the NYS Gilgil

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) , will partner with the National Youth Service in training 60,000 recruits on growing trees on farms that can provide farmers with food, income, fodder and medicines as well as enriching the soil and conserving water.

Speaking during a tree planting exercise at the National Youth Service Training College at Gilgil in Nakuru, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Country Representative in Kenya, Dr. Gabriel Rugalema, noted that, such an improved understanding, will be essential for formulating strategies towards biodiversity conservation and sustainable agriculture in the country, saying that, his organization will be working closely with NYS to ensure the youth are equipped with agro forestry skills, in bid to promote fruit tree plantations of mangoes, avocadoes, guavas among others,  which are a source of food and self-employment saying that,forests provide vital ecosystem services across the country and safeguarding them for future generations is of paramount importance.

The FAO Country Representative, who was accompanied by National Youth Service Director General, Matilda Sakwa observed that, policy makers should not place agriculture and forestry in opposition to each other, noting  that, in many political and scientific spheres within the continent, the role was misunderstood, under-estimated and not adequately considered in policy decisions that are related to food security and nutrition, and called on Policy makers to place special emphasis on the role of forests in supporting food security and nutrition, saying that, with food security and nutrition high on the agenda in Kenya, it is crucial to understand the contribution of forests and trees to a food secure and nutrition-sensitive future.

Speaking during the same function, the National Youth Service Director General, Matilda Sakwa observed that, forests and trees help to mitigate climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide and storing carbon. They also help to reduce the vulnerability of people to climate change by providing food and other ecosystem services during critical periods of climate driven food shortages, noting that, without forests, the vital ecosystem service provided by birds and insects would be diminished, resulting in increased food security concerns.

Spelling out the primacy of trees, Ms. Sakwa observed that, in some areas in the country, forests were important to the survival of forest-dwellers, particularly many indigenous peoples, saying that, forests are important in providing ecosystem services, including maintaining or restoring soil fertility, protecting watersheds and water courses, and pointed out that, for most of the year, herders in arid and semi-arid lands depended on trees as a source of fodder for their livestock, and noted that, sustainable management of natural resources could transform forests into direct source of food, fuel, employment and cash income.

In support of the clarion call by the Government to surpass the 10 percent tree cover by 2022, the NYS Director General noted that, her institution had planted 10 million trees in its 22 training and holding units countrywide, and said that, the NYS was working on a joint collaboration with FAO to put up a programme, that will encourage youth self-employment in agribusiness, aquaculture and animal husbandry ventures towards improving food security in the Country. “At the Gilgil Training College we planted 10,000 tree seedlings to support the National government’s greening program. In future, we intend to rope in health facilities, schools and county governments in the tree planting program that we started last year,” she said.

“Food security also means improving purchasing power of Kenyans, so that they can be able to put a meal on the table. NYS is committed to empowering the youth to have skills that will enable them to be self-employed and empower them financially,” she stated. The DG noted that, the challenge facing Kenya today is how to meet the mounting demand for food from a growing population with a diminishing resource base and said the NYS would continue partnering with FAO in improving agroforestry systems in the country that contribute to food security, nutrition and livelihoods.

 

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BACKGROUND

 Rationale for this strategy
This strategy, which is aligned to the National Forest Program, is a cross-sectoral framework that
provides for:
(i) Broad Institutional and multi-stakeholder participation in accelerating the achievement of the Constitutional target of 10% tree cover of the national land area as provided under Article 69 (1) (b);
(ii) Implementation of Presidential Directives that the Constitutional target of 10% national tree cover should be achieved by 2022 through among other initiatives the revival of Chief’s tree nurseries with technical support of Kenya Forest Service and allocation of 10% Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to tree growing;
(iii) Opportunity to achieve national and global commitments with respect to climate change, biodiversity conservation, and land degradation. The government has committed to restore 5.1 million Ha of degraded landscapes as a contribution to the Africa Forest Landscape Initiative (AFR100), 50% reduction of green house gases from the forest sector by 2030 as part of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to climate change, and to achieve land degradation neutrality by 2030 as a commitment to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)….read more

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18.09.2019

The CAS, Hon. Elmi, watering a commemorative bamboo tree, watched by Busia Gvnor, Hon. Ojaamong and the County Commissioner, Jacob Narengo, at Busia

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is working on modalities to bring down the cost of seedlings for ease of reach by Kenyans, in a bid to surpass the ten percent National tree cover by 2022.

Speaking during the 10th International Bamboo day celebrations at the Busia Agricultural Training Center, Busia County, the Chief Administrative Secretary in the Ministry, Hon. Mohamed Elmi, who represented the Cabinet Secretary, Mr. Keriako Tobiko said that, the Kenya Forestry Research Institute and the Kenya Forestry Service, were undertaking sensitization programs to create demand for bamboo seedlings, noting that, in collaboration with other stakeholders, the Ministry will push for the lowering of the cost of producing the seedlings.

Noting that illegal activities like charcoal burning, degradation and tree felling were problems hampering efforts to increase tree cover in the western region, and the Country at large, Hon. Elmi noted that, the Ministry and its semi-autonomous agencies were working with other stakeholders to overcome such, together with other numerous challenges facing the Environment sector.

Busia Governor, H.E. Hon. Sospeter Ojamong, while speaking at the same function, observed that, over 700 farmers in his County had been enlisted in the National bamboo value chain program aimed at popularizing the wood plant, and lauded the Ministry in its endeavor in coming up with a bamboo policy that would ensure the sustainable planting of the Bamboo.

The 10th International Bamboo day, was marked under the theme”Harnessing Bamboo Potential for Climate Resilience Communities and Green Businesses’’.

Busia Gvnor, Hon. Ojaamong, welcoming the CAS, Hon. Elmi, to preside over the Bamboo Day in Busia ATC.

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GIZ Representatives Juliet Cheruto speaks during the Ozone Day

As restrictions on imports of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) keeps increasing in the coming years, the government has vouch for adoption environment friendly technologies to preserve the ozone layers.

Through development partners the government is developing a technology roadmap, which proposes for both ozone- and climate-friendly as well as energy-efficient technology options for relevant areas of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC).

One of the partners working with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, German International Cooperation (GIZ), Prokolima, has trained of over 150 Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA), customs officers and National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) Officers on the use of the new system and control measures on imports & exports of ozone depleting substances.

Kenya is a signatory to the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which aims at protecting the Ozone Layer, the day is mark on every 16th of September to commemorate the coming into force of the protocol.

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed this day as an International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, with the main aim of sensitizing people on the need to protect the Ozone Layer, an indication that the responsibility of protecting man kind’s heritage is collectively global.

Speaking during the mark of the day, GIZ Prokolima Representative Juliet Cheruto said that even as the government and development partners commit to preservation of the ozone layer, customs officers need to be more and more vigilant of various illegal imports, and members of the public should demand for ozone and environmentally friendly products.

She said that with the help from GIZ, cold storage room for fish has been constructed in Mfangano Island in Homabay County in Lake Victoria. The Fish cold store is a pilot project in cooperation with a Kenyan private investor through co-investment. The cold store has state-of-the-art insulation, highly efficient refrigeration and ice-making appliances that use natural refrigerants that are both Ozone and climate friendly.

GIZ also trained over 700 refrigeration technicians on the safe use of hydrocarbons refrigerants as substitutes to HCFC22 (Commonly known as Freon), done in collaboration with the National Ozone Unit (NOU) within the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and training institutions. Amongst them are the Technical University of Kenya, the Technical University of Mombasa, the Nairobi Technical Training Institute, Kisumu Polytechnic, Eldoret Polytechnic, the Mombasa industrial Training Centre among others.

She said that to enhance capacity building and skills development, GIZ has provided Refrigeration and air conditioning equipment and tools for trainings to the technical institutions.

Cheruto said that GIZ has also provided officials at the KRA customs department and NEMA with analyzers for identifying refrigerants, thus preventing illegal imports through mislabeling of refrigerants at the ports of entry.

GIZ Proklima is also involved in the phase out of methyl bromide (another ozone depleting substance) whereby more than 700 farmers, engaged in the cut-flower and vegetable cultivation, were trained on adoption of alternative (environmentally friendly) pest control methods to methyl bromide.

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