Friday, February 21, 2020

Participants drawn from different multi- agencies , who are attending the workshop for Waste Management Action Plan for Nairobi City County at Naivasha.

The Chief Economic Advisor to the Presidency Dr. Francis Muraya has called for concerted efforts to manage waste in Nairobi County, inorder to create wealth.

He said widespread poverty  in the County could be minimised if all players  joined hands to extract wealth from the vast waste produced in the capital city.

Nairobi City Country generates more than 22,000 tons of waste daily, which ends up in garbage sites.

Dr. Muraya noted that waste  in the city had the potential of creating numerous business ventures that could provide profitable returns and employ thousands of poor people.

Dr. Muraya was speaking in Naivasha when he opened a Multi-Agency workshop to develop consensus on waste management Action plan for Nairobi City County.He represented the deputy head of public service Mr. Wanyama Musiambo.

He assured the participants of the National Government’s resources and technical support in making the waste to wealth venture a success.

Chief Economic Advisor to the Presidency Dr. Francis Muraya addressing the participants at the Multi- Agency workshop, he called for concerted efforts to manage waste in Nairobi County, inorder to create wealth.

Dr. Muraya added that most of solid waste in Kenya was part of Agriculture which was the country’s mainstay with about 80 per cent of the population dependent on it.

He observed that transforming waste to wealth there was the key to uplifting the standards of living for many kenyans.

The workshop was attended by participants from Nairobi City County, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Kenya Association of Manufacturers, National Environment Management Authority, Kenya Alliance of Residents Association, Ministry of Health, National Treasury, Kenya Private Sector Alliance among others.

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry has spearheaded development of a National Sustainable Waste Management policy and Bill that is awaiting Cabinet concurrence and passage by the National Assembly into law.

Following the developments, prospects are now high for the Country to migrate from linear to Circular model of waste management. The linear model confines waste from generators to dumpsites as  opposed to circular where waste is sorted and managed to gainful use.

The Ministry of Environment and Nairobi City County have established the waste management working team comprising of Multi- Agency key stakeholders with clear terms of reference to drive the waste agenda.



The forecast for the next seven-day period indicates thatrainfall is expected over several parts of the country during the first half of the forecast period. Rainfall intensities are likely to reduce towards the end of the forecast period.See Figure 1.Strong southeasterly winds of more than 25 knots (12.5m/s) are expected over Turkana and parts of Marsabit County……read more



NEMA Ag DG Mamo B. Mamo representing CS Tobiko during Lake Region Clean Water Conference in Kisumu

The government has stepped up efforts to foster Public-Private Partnerships to boost ongoing environmental conservation efforts, Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko, has said.

In an elaborate plan to guarantee the success of ongoing environmental conservation initiatives including increasing our forest cover to at least 10% by planting 2 billion tree seedlings by the year 2022, Tobiko said the government is cultivating closer relations with private sector organisations and community groups.

Already, public-private partnerships have begun to generate positive returns with the private sector contributing more than 10million tree seedlings in various parts of the country for the ongoing national reforestation campaigns. Various corporate organisations, he noted, are also actively involving their workforce in environmental regeneration programmes.

In a speech read on his behalf in Kisumu by the Acting National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) Director General, Mamo Boru Mamo at the ongoing Lake Region Clean Water Conference, sponsored by Kenya Breweries Limited (KBL) Kisumu County Government and the Lake Basin Development Authority, Tobiko said, alongside resource mobilization, public-private partnerships will be further strengthened to ensure strict compliance with environmental management regulations.

“Our engagements with the private sector have been very successful in recent months and we have adopted a leave no-one behind approach to ensure the sustainability of environmental conservation efforts, Tobiko said, adding that, “Environmental Management remains a collective responsibility for both the public private players. We must, as the government, private sector and community members work together to fight illegal logging, stop pollution and restore our environment for our own wellbeing and that of future generations.”

With heightened partnerships, Tobiko further added that state agencies charged with environmental management responsibilities had also stepped up their surveillance to curb environmental pollution across the country.

“It is no longer business as usual as we continue to engage private sector players to ensure strict compliance with environmental regulations,” he said. He added that Industrial concerns discharging effluent and sewerage directly to Lake Victoria among other sensitive environmental ecosystems will face the full wrath of the law.

While delivering a keynote address on the topic: “Environmental conservation as a catalyst for water resource regeneration”, Tobiko, acknowledged that environmental conservation and access to adequate supply of clean water is fundamental for the achievement of “The Big Four” development agenda. “A clean environment and adequate safe drinking water and sanitation do complement efforts towards building thriving communities and boosting economic growth through activities such as agricultural production and manufacturing,” he said.

On her part KBL MD, Jane Karuku said the company would continue supporting initiatives geared at advancing environmental conservation as part of the firm’s corporate social responsibility goals.

“Water is a shared resource with complex interdependencies between competing users such as communities, ecosystems and companies, there’s need for collaboration to ensure sustainable use of the resource,” Ms Karuku said, adding that, “The aim of the conference is to address water crisis, evidenced by increased water scarcity, widespread water pollution, and rapid declines in freshwater biodiversity. It will also address other connected issues related to water, for instance, poverty, nutrition, health, education, gender equality and productivity.”

The conference is expected to highlight environmental management realities which are critical to the success of water and sanitation programmes. It is impossible to discuss water use and management without talking about its source; water towers. They regulate river flow, prevent run-off, mitigates floods, recharge ground-water aquifers, improve soil fertility, reduce soil erosion and sediment loads in river water, and act as carbon reservoirs and sinks.





CS Keriako Tobiko plants a tree at Thumaita forest block in Kirinyaga during a tree planting exercise

Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko has called on every Kenyan to plant and grow at least five {5} trees in order to increase the country’s tree cover which is deficient.

“Based on the just concluded census, there are 47 million Kenyans and if each planted at least 5 trees we will have at least 235 million trees in the country which will aid our attempt to plant 2 billion trees is the next three years.” The CS said.

The CS cited the recent record broken by Ethiopia by planting 350 million trees in 12 hours saying it is achievable here in Kenya.

He urged all Kenyans to take up the responsibility of environmental conservation and tree growing adding that its success is dependent on concerted efforts.

Mr. Tobiko criticized illegal extraction and abstraction of water by influential people like politicians and powerful individuals upstream which was denying poor people downstream the right to access of water.

“Water comes from water towers and hill tops but does not reach the people downstream due to greed and corruption. The rivers across all the water towers are completely dry be it in the Mau Forest Complex or Cherangani Hills,”. The CS stated.

He cited illegal connections of water pipes in the Mooreland’s as a major reason for decreased flow of water across the rivers countrywide.

The CS was however, optimistic that the rivers will start flowing again, since together with his Water Counterpart Cabinet Secretary Simon Chelugui they had dismantled illegal water connections.

Mr. Tobiko took the opportunity to warn politicians to steer clear of matters environment saying he is determined to ensure a clean and healthy environment for all.

CS Keriako Tobiko with two young environmentalist Ambrose Mwai and Gabi Ashra Muthiga at Thumaita forest block

The CS was speaking in Thumaita Block in Castle Forest Station, Kirinyaga in the larger Mt Kenya Water Tower as he led a tree planting exercise where 13,000 indigenous tree seedlings were planted.

The event organized by Green Spaces, a community Based Organization based in Kirinyaga County was attended by Kirinyaga CEC in charge of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Dr Jakan Gutu, Kirinyaga East Deputy County Commissioner Mr. Moses Gicharu, Chairmen and CEOs of various government agencies, Representative of the Chief Conservator of Forests Mr. Alex Lemarkoko, students of Kirinyaga University, members of  local community among others.


CS Keriako Tobiko shows KFS officials the extent of damage of the water tower during a fact finding mission.

Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko made an aerial and ground tour of the Marmanet forest in Laikipia County and decried the extensive encroachment on the water tower.

The CS warned individuals who had encroached and destroyed the water catchment and even obtained title deeds for the land that their time was up and must vacate.

Mr. Tobiko criticized the grabbing of large swathes of forest that have been convertedcommercial farm lands.

The forest which is an important water tower originally measured 19,600 hectares has now been reduced into commercial wheat and maize plantations.

Thecatchment area that is the source of water for Lakes Bogoria and Baringo, and feeds EwasoNgiro River which also drains into the Lorian Swamp in northern Kenya, has been degraded and destroyed, through human activities including overgrazing of livestock, illegal settlements and charcoal burning.

In an effort to reclaim and restore the water catchment area Safaricom and Kenya Prisons department have each adopted and replanted trees in portions of the expansive forest.

Wheat and maize plantations in place of what used to be Marmanet forest, now cleared for commercial farming

The Government through the Ministries of Environment and Forestry and Interior and National Coordination recently reclaimed approximately 22,000 hectares of forest land in the Maasai Mau Forest water tower where restoration efforts are ongoing.


The NKCC factory which has moved to 100% steam in heating and chilling milk.

Milk processors the New Kenya Cooperatives Creameries Limited  (NKCC), is set to reduce the use of environmental unfriendly furnace oil chimneys and instead use clean energy boilers.

The use of air pollutant diesel oil furnace will be a thing of the past if a new technology using steam is fully implemented.
The project funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by United Nations Industrial Organization Development (UNIDO) has already put up four pilot projects at New KCC plants in Sotik, Nyahururu and Dandora factories.

Ministry of Environment Director of Projects , Programs and strategic Initiatives &GEF desk Officer is taken around the new KCC Sotik Factory, the factory is using clean energy to heat and chill milk

The steam plants are using organic waste to produce steam which is used to chill milk using absorption technology.

According to the Sotik NKCC Sotik Factory Manager , Kenneth Langat, the use of Biomass boilers have led to reduced use of furnace oil and use of absorption chillers reduces use of electricity, and in turn it has led to cutting of costs for milk processing.
“Technical issues have been minimized, the boilers rarely breakdown, that has allowed New KCC to concentrate on its core business of milk processing,” said Langat.
According Director Programs, Projects and Strategic Initiatives , and GEF Desk Officer Mrs Agnes Yobterik , the projects are meant to promote alternative sources of energy as an intervention in mitigating climate change.
Yobterik said that county governments should promote alternative sources of energy which are friendly to the environment.

Timber waste is used in heating the boilers at Sotik NKCC to produce steam, which is used in chilling and heating of milk.

UNIDO-Kenya  Project Co-ordinate Zachariah Munga said that UNIDO is currently implementing…..projects across the country all aimed at improving human and institutional capacity for continuous developmental waste -to-energy, with the aim of reducing emissions of Greenhouse gases.

UNIDO National Programme Officer Linet Luvau said that the UNIDO vouches for establishment of favorable investment through creation of incentive scheme, leading to replication of similar projects which will help in overall reduction of greenhouse gas emission.
GEF is funding the projects under subsidies through private -public venture to a tune of Ksh 200 million for a duration of 4 years.

The New KCC Sotik mIlk processing factory steam plant that is using using biomass boilers to chill and heat milk. The factory is running on 100% steam away from the furnace oil heating system.

The projects sites are in Murang’a, – Olivado Company, a Biogas Laboratory at KIRDI , Tropical Power Company in Naivasha , and Timber Treatment Biomas projects in the 4 NKCC factories- Nyahururu, Sotik, Dandora and Eldoret.


Mr. Nolan explains to the team on how the process of waste from flowers is undertaken.

A Naivasha based firm is using organic waste from rose flowers to generate 2.8 MW of renewable energy.

Through the use of technology,Tropical Power company has installed a digestion plant that processes waste from roses and animal feeds to produce electricity and the residue is also used to produce liquid and solid organic fertilizer.
Through the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the firm was sponsored to put up the Anaerobic Digestion plant and a shredder which enables production of a fluid pump able mixture, which goes through the plant as substrate to produce power .
The project funded by GEF and implemented by United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), aims at scaling up of the Waste -To- Energy technology with a goal of reducing gas emissions to the atmosphere.
Speaking during a monitoring exercise, Ministry of Environment and Forestry Director Programs, Projects and Strategic Initiatives Mrs Agnes Yobterik said the project demonstrates the fact that waste is resourceful , and that it can be recycled to useful form.
UNIDO-Kenya  Project Co-ordinate Zachariah Munga said at completion of the project UNIDO woulda have spent about Ksh 15 million, and 500MW of electricity will be produced.
Tropical Power Kenya Limited , Chief Operating Officer Mike Nolan said the
power plant is the largest of its size and type in East Africa, and a first in terms of renewable energy development in the region.
Nolan said the firm currently sells its excess production to Kenya Power and  surrounding flower firms .

Leveraging on technology to address waste management:- A earth mover loads solid waste from flower farms onto a shredder at the Tropical power plant. UNIDO, through GEF, is supporting the plant with this technology that is able to shred 70 tonnes of waste in a day.


Ministry of Environment Director, Programs & Projects, Agnes Yobteric viewing avocados being delivered at the Olivado EPZ Ltd for processing. After squeezing the oil from the avocados, the waste is used to generate Biogas.

Local manufacturers have been urged to consider waste recycling as a business venture in a waste-to-energy cycle with a view of having a clean environment, while generating clean energy.

Ministry of Environment and Forestry Director of Administration Henry Obino  has said that the government is grappling with waste management and uptakes of waste recycling will address the issue of dumping and waste menace.
Speaking  in Kiharu, Murang’a County during the monitory of Global Environment Facility (GEF) , funded project at Olivado EPZ Limited , Obino said that government regulations to contain waste will be put in place but they will not succeed if they are not supported by manufactures .
Mr. Obino is representing Environment PS Ms Betty Maina in monitoring projects funded by GEF, and implemented  by UNIDO .
Olivado  Biogas Africa company  , Operations Manager  Hannes Muntingh said the plant has has developed a 375 KW biogas plant using waste from avocado.
Through the GEF the firm also has put up gas cleaning and compression units .
UNIDO National Programme Officer  Linet Luvau said the project was established as part of UNIDO’s mandate to enable sustainable energy solutions and production of clean energy through a circular economy.

Officials from the Ministry of Environment led by the Director Administration, Mr. Henry Obino, with officials from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), at the Olivado EPZ Ltd in Murang’a, the firm produces clean renewable energy from avocados and pure avocado oil for export. The team is monitoring projects that are funded by the Global Env. Facility (GEF), and implemented by UNIDO.

Olivera company CEO Gary Hannam said that the company produces at least 60 tonnes of avocado waste daily which they used to dispose at ksh Ksh 25,000 per 10tonnes , the waste is now utilized in production of avocado oil and biogas .


Participants pose for a group photo during the REDD+ Academy training programme in Mombasa.

Pressure for conversion of forest lands to other land uses and unsustainable utilization of forest resources, have contributed to deforestation, forest degradation and general landscape degradation, Environment and Forestry Principal Secretary Ms. Betty Maina has said.

The Government has however committed to increase and maintain a forest cover of over 10% by 2022 and to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the sector, added the PS.

“An elaborate National Forestry Strategy has been developed which provides a basis for shared responsibility while recognizing the need for new and innovative approaches to forest management and conservation.

The PS made the remarks when officially opening a one week training academy for the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) project in Mombasa yesterday.

PS Envirornment and Forestry Ms. Betty Maina listening to the Head of Forest Conservation Mr. Alfred Gichu during the traing.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) has developed the (REDD+) project to support the conservation of forest carbon stocks, recognizing the potential role of forests in contributing to climate change mitigation.

REDD+, which also seeks to identify and implement innovative approaches, is an important vehicle for delivery of the strategy, the PS added.

“A Successful implementation of REDD+ and forestry development requires broad cooperation and coordination across sectors; including national and county governments, NGOs, community groups, academia and the private sectors”. Maina said in her speech.

Participants following proceedings during the training.

The PS told the participants that the Ministry of Environment and Forestry has the mandate and responsibility to coordinate forest sector development. This mandate is exercised fully cognizant of the multiple land and forest tenure systems in the country and extensive stakeholder community that require inclusive engagement and participation in sustainable forest management.

Present during the launch of the training programme were,  Mr.Alfred N. Gichu, Head of the  Directorate of Forest Conservation and  National REDD+ Coordinator Ministry of Environment & Forestry Dr. Harun Warui the Low Emissions  and Climate  Resilient Development (LECRD) Project Coordinator, Mr. Walid Badawi,  the UNDP Resident Representative, and  Ms. Evelyn Koech, Head Environment and Resilience UNDP among other.







CS Keriako Tobiko(left), PS Betty Maina (Middle in glasses) and local leaders launch the 10 million trees initiative in Maasai Mau

Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko has launched a 10 million tree planting initiative to restore the Maasai Mau water tower following the vacation of illegal settlers after the expiry of a 60-day notice.

The CS announced that 96 percent of the illegal settlers had voluntarily moved out and the government had used a humane and judicious face by providing transport for them to move their belongings out of the water catchment area.

The restoration under the theme ‘’Restore Mau, Save the Mara-Serengeti Ecosystem, Save Lives’’ drew the participation of  multi government agencies led by Kenya water towers agency, (KWTA), Kenya Forest Service (KFS), Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI), National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), National Environment Complaints Committee (NECC), National Youth Service, Ewaso nyiro South Development Authority (ENSDA), Kenya Defence Forces (KDF), universities, members of the public among others.

Over 200,000 trees were planted in the reclaimed areas with a target of 3 million trees during the short rains.

A plane being loaded with seeds that were planted in Maasai Mau

At the same time a modern technology dubbed “aerial seeding” was used by the KEFRI to plant 1.5 million seeds using an aircraft.

Mr. Tobiko said that about 20 million seeds would by scattered using the new technology within a few days after the launch.

He said the government had arrived at the painful decision to evict the illegal settlers since the forest is gazetted as a water tower.

The CS blamed politicians for the false narrative that the illegal settlers came from a particular community adding that all patriotic Kenyans supported the restoration of the water tower that served millions of people in the country and its neighbors.

CS Tobiko introduces Rift Valley Regional Coordinator George Natembeya at the launch of 10 million Trees Initiative in Mau Forest

Mr. Tobiko said the government had already fenced 50km out of the targeted 119 kilometers of the forest in order to secure it from encroachment.

The Rift valley Regional Commissioner who has been in the frontline to reclaim the forest said that farmers would be allowed to harvest crops already planted in the area but warned that they should not destroy tree seedlings in the process.

During the planting exercise local Leaders who accompanied the CS, among them Narok Senator Ledama ole Kina and Narok North MP Moitalel ole Kenta, lamented that rivers in the Mara, Lake Victoria and the Nile basins, whose source is the forest, are drying up with devastating effects to millions of people who depend on them.

The Principal Secretary for Environment Betty Maina, Chairmen and Chief Executive officers of various agencies attended the restoration exercise.







Tharaka Nithi county deputy governor Eng. Francis Kagwima plants a tree during the launch of shorts rainfall tree planting campaign at Kambungu Primary School in the area on Friday, November 1, 2019

Tharaka Nithi Deputy Governor Eng. Francis Kagwima has called on government agencies mandated to work on environment related fields to partner with the county government to clear trees with high affinity for water from riparian lands.

“I want to invite National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), the Kenya Forest Service (KFS), the Upper Tana Development Authority and all other government agencies touching on environmental issues to partner with the county government to uproot eucalyptus and other trees draining water from riparian lands,” he said.

Eng. Kagwima, who was presiding over the launch of short rainfall tree planting campaign at Kambungu primary school in Igambang’ombe sub-county described tree planting as a big step towards planning for an environmentally friendly future.

He said droughts and water shortages have been frequently experienced in the County, hence the need to take urgent measures to address the eucalyptus menace.

The Deputy Governor called on area residents to embrace President Kenyatta and the national government’s target of planting 2 billion trees by the year 2022 through planting as many trees as possible in their farms and government institutions.

He further called on the farmers to put a lot of emphasis in harvesting rain water during this rainy season for domestic and irrigation purposes, adding that the county government is targeting to create 160 check-dams from the rivers within the county in the same spirit.

Speaking during the event, the CEC for Lands, Physical Planning, Urban Development, Water & Irrigation, Environment and Natural Resources Eng. Jasper Nkanya added that with trees, there is better prospects of economic growth since good climate means better harvest.

The CEC asked county residents to ensure that they plant trees and make terraces in their farms to prevent soil erosion besides teaching their children to plant trees during this long holiday.

Similar sentiments were echoed by the the county Ecosystem Conservator James Mburu who disclosed that they are purposing to achieve a green zone that will not only benefit them but the whole country in general.

Mburu warned thos cutting indigenous trees and anybody else involved in harvesting trees without a license that they risk being fined heavily or even being imprisoned for long jail terms once apprehended.

“For those involved in cutting of trees without a permit whether in their farms or not have their days numbered. Ensure you are not caught in the vice since you face hefty fines or long jail terms,” emphasized the Ecosystems Conservator.



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