Sunday, January 20, 2019

Permanent Secretary in the MEMR Mr Dawood Mohamed accompanied by Ministry & NEMA officials inspecting the on-going Nairobi River clean-up exercise

  • Environment and Natural Resources Policy formulation, analysis and review
  • Sustainable management of Mineral resources and conservation of environment
  • Continuous development of geo-database for integrated natural resources and environmental management systems
  • Conduct applied research and dissemination of research findings in land resources and geology
  • Carry out geological surveys, mineral exploration and regulation of mining and use of commercial explosives.
  • Promote, monitor and coordinate environmental activities and enforce compliance of environmental regulations and guidelines
  • Meteorological services

Kenya has developed its first National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) in order to put in place robust and thorough adaptation and mitigation measures to minimize risks and maximize opportunities. The Strategy is destined to enhance Kenya’s participation in the global climate change (COP) Discussions. Download the NCCRS

National Climate Change Response Strategy

National Climate Change Response Strategy  – Executive Brief


Environmental programme Support (EPS) is an initiative of the governments of Kenya, Denmark and Sweden. The overall objective of the Programme is to create sustainable environment framework in support of improved livelihoods in Kenya. The programme is foreseen as a first phase of a long-term (10-15 year) support to the environmental sector which will eventually be integrated into a broader Sector Wide Approach (SWAP).

Apart from realizing this objective, the programme contributes to Vision 2030, which recognizes environment as one of the seven key social sectors to be transformed in Kenya’s journey towards prosperity by the year 2030.EPS also contributes to the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), number-1 on poverty reduction and number 7- on ensuring environmental sustainability.

To realize these objectives, the programme provides support to the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR), the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and community based environment management using the Community Environmental Fund (CEF) under the Community Development Trust Fund (CTDF), in the Ministry of Planning and Vision 2030.

The immediate objectives of the programme are:

1. To improve GOK policy/strategic framework for environmental management emphasizing poverty-environment linkages;

2. To enhance GOK institutional capacity to support cross-cutting and decentralized environmental management; and

3. To create awareness, capacity and best practices generated from civil society participation in environmental management and planning.

EPS builds on the following strategic considerations which are vital to prudent natural resources management:
· Cross-sectoral nature of environmental management;
· Close links between poverty and environmental degradation;
· Linkage between policy, planning and practical implementation;
· Programme Sustainability by implementation through existing structures;
· Inbuilt flexibility and responsiveness by making provisions for adjustments within the framework of objectives;
· Involvement of private sector and civil society;
· Donor harmonized approaches to decentralized environmental service and community support; and
· Result oriented approach to capacity development.

EPS Implementation Arrangement

The programme is implemented through MEMR headquarters (Component 1), NEMA (Component 2), and CDTF (Component 3). The overall coordination of the programme is by the Programme Support Unit (PSU).The proposed management structure of EPS includes a programme Steering Committee (PSC) with representation of private and public stakeholders as well as separate Component Steering Committees for Component 2 and 3. The components are:

i. Policy Development Component-1

The componet focuses on enhancing MEMR’s capacity in facilitating and coordinating roles within the Ministry, between ministries, the private sector and civil society.

Expected Outputs

  • · A new environmental policy and strategy document prepared;
  • · Crosscutting environmental issues incorporated in selected sector plans and Golden Goose Mid Star Rea strategies;
  • · Strengthened capacity of MEMR to Tottenham Hotspur Kits 2015 monitor and mainstream Poverty and Environmental issues;
  • · Strengthened capacity of MEMR to coordinate and implement strategies related to climate change issues; and
  • · Improved levels of Environmental Education and Awareness.

ii. Strategic Management Component – 2

The component supports the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) to develop efficient management mechanisms at the Golden Goose Sneakers Herren Sale national and district levels and to fulfil their strategic plan. It supports mainstreaming of environmental concerns into other lead agencies starting with Strategic Environment Assessment(SEAs) and Integrated Coastal Zone Management(ICZM).

Expected Outputs

  • · Institutionalization of SEAs in selected key lead agencies;
  • · Decentralized environmental management capacitated in at least 20 districts;
  • · ICZM planning and management modalities Adidas Jacka Dam Billigt developed and piloted through a joint effort between NEMA and relevant stakeholders;

· Enhanced capacity of NEMA, with appropriate management and financial systems to effectively and efficiently fulfil its mandate.

iii. Community and Civil Society Component- 3

This component supports innovative approaches on awareness creation, advocacy and Columbus Crew New Jersey investments on poverty and environment linkages and to community-based management.

Expected Output:

  • · Awareness and advocacy campaigns on poverty-environment linkages provided by selected NGOs/CBOs to support environmental policy formulation and ICZM development;
  • · A programme of community projects implemented to address local environmental problems, improve livelihoods and demonstrate innovative approaches and partnerships for community environmental management; and
  • · A package of training modules, planning tools and partnership models for community participation in environmental management prepared by Civil Society Organizations in partnership with the government.

Crosscutting Issues

The success of this programme largely depends on the integration of key cross-cutting issues in implementation. In this reagard, the key crosscutting issues which were identified are gender, environment, HIV/AIDS, human rights and good governance. These issues are mainstreamed throughout the programme and its components.

With regard to gender, the programme is establishing specific interventions to enhance women’s rights, access to resources, and voice in environmental planning and policy making. The programme also supports the government initiatives to combat the HIV/AIDs pandemic and Under Armour Stephen Curry 1 Price mitigate its impact on urban and rural livelihoods as an integral part of the programme implementation.

Programme Coordination

The overall coordination of programme activities is done by the Programme Support Unit (PSU) established within the Ministry headquarters


The mission of the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources (MEMR) is to promote, monitor, conserve, protect and sustainably manage the environmental and mineral resources for national development. MEMR is fully committed to the realization that a sustainable environment is a fundamental pre-requisite in national development, poverty eradication and improved livelihoods for all generations. In view of this MEMR is now implementing a National Environmental Education and Awareness Initiative (EEAI) to educate and raise awareness on environmental challenges to all Kenyans and to encourage the participation of all stakeholders in environmental conservation and management.

Environmental Challenges

Several environmental challenges have been experienced in Kenya mainly due to over-exploitation of natural resources and emission of wastes and pollutants into the environment leading to degradation. Some of the key challenges include:

Pollution of the environment especially related to land, water and air has led to adverse effects on animal and human health as well as the quality of the environment. As such, pollution poses a major challenge to environmental management which has been exacerbated by inadequate treatment facilities as well as irregular collection and disposal procedures.

EEAI will inform the public on environmental challenges such as air pollution

• Deforestation
Extensive destruction of forests has been rampant in the past due to illegal logging and excisions among other threats. This has also led to the loss of forest cover and the subsequent destruction of water catchment areas. Loss of tree cover has significantly reduced the vegetation cover which act as natural sinks for carbon dioxide. Deforestation has enhanced climate change and its impacts. In addition, it has resulted in increased occurrence of ?oods, soil erosion and drought. Some of the consequences of deforestation being
experienced in the country include reduction in water and hydro-electric power supply leading increased production costs of goods and services which will ultimately slow down Kenyan economic growth.

• Global warming and climate change
The earth’s atmosphere is getting warmer due to global warming which is causing climate change. The change in climate has led to altered rainfall patterns, variability and extremes of weather. This has led to increase in frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and rise in sea levels. This has affected crop yields, increased vector borne diseases, destroyed infrastructure, contaminated fresh waters and degraded agricultural lands.

•Land use
Poor land use has led to land degradation. Though caused by both natural and human activities, land degradation has led to desertification, loss of water, soil infertility, poor crop yields and loss of biodiversity. Land degradation has reduced soil productivity and opportunities for livelihoods’ potential to contribute to national development. EEAI will promote land use guidelines that will be developed by lead agencies based on sectoral policies within the framework of EMCA (1999) in order to mitigate this challenge. Land degradation in arid and semi arid lands

• Waste management
Waste comprises of solid, liquid and gaseous components. These are primarily penerated as a result of human activities. A great deal of wastes generated is illegally dumped leading to physical accumulation or its discharge to fresh water as effluents. Waste management is a great challenge to the country due to the absence of appropriate technologies and modern facilities. Improper waste disposal has also enhanced land degradation and reduced the quality of the environment. EEAI will promote waste reduction, reuse and recycling in order to safeguard the quality of the environment.

Public and Private Sector Participation
The Kenyan economy is primarily dependent on agriculture and natural resources. However, initiatives for sustainable management of environmental and natural resources do not receive high priority in budgetary allocation. There is need to create awareness on the value of the environment in order to enhance individual and corporate responsibility towards the same. Participation in environmental activities will in?uence ownership, positive change of attitude and change of behaviour. The public and private sector participation provides an opportunity for involvement, ownership and partnerships in environmental management. EEIA will help enhance this potential to encourage a culture of corporate social responsibility towards the environment in this sector. In addition, EEIA will encourage the private sector to increase its level of investments in environmental management as a way of giving back to nature for sustainable development. Unsustainable logging of trees has been a major environmental challenge in the country. EEAI will promote tree planting in schools and tertiary institutions.

EEAI Resource Mobilization
The initiative is likely to expand in scope

EEAI aims to work with local communities in activities such as tree planting


This is an initiative by MEMR to provide a platform to inform, educate and engage various stakeholders. The goal is to enhance voluntary initiatives and participation in environmental conservation activities by every Kenyan through education and awareness campaigns. This is expected to foster inclusiveness and partnerships in environmental conservation and management. The implementation of EEAI will ensure effective stakeholder involvement and resource mobilization in environmental management.

Objectives of EEAI

i) Increase environmental awareness and participation in environmental
ii) Mobilize the general public to get involved in the protection and conservation
of the environment and especially catchment conservation.
iii) Encourage media to embrace effective, positive and informative
environmental coverage in order to enhance awareness and prioritization
of the environment.

Proposed EEAI Activities

EEAI will mainly cover the following seven key areas:

• Public awareness campaigns
• Outreach and education
• Tree planting
• Clean-up campaigns
• Creating awareness of environmental challenges and solutions
• Promotion of best practices
• Dissemination of environmental messages through mass and folk media

Partnerships in Environmental Management Effective environmental management requires the participation of all stakeholders. EEAI will promote partnerships to integrate environmental management into the national development agenda across all sectors. The implementation of the initiative will take cognizance of the following approaches:
• Environment and Private sector

The Private Sector largely depends on the natural resource base as raw materials for production of products and services. However, the private sector often degrades the environment through generation & poor waste disposal, effluent discharge and emissions into the environment. As such EEAI offers a forum for public and
private sector partnerships in environmental conservation. This approach will synchronize activities for better management of the environment.

• Environment and Society

The civil society and general public comprise a major stakeholder in environmental management and governance. The society influence decision-making systems based on the level of understanding, physical location, knowledge, experience and presence. The initiative will work with organized groups such as CSOs and BOs in order to enhance environmental awareness.

• Environment and Youth

The Youth represent a large proportion of the Kenyan population and the future generation of the country. As such the youth provide a great potential in environmental conservation activities due to their large numbers and energies. EEAI will serve to provide a forum for youth participate in environmental conservation activities.Youth partnerships will be through learning institutions such as schools,colleges and universities as well as organized groups. Involvement the youth will enhance environmental consciousness and encourage good environmental practices for the future generation. Youth activities will include poems, art/music, drama, debate on topical issues, establishment of tree nurseries, tree planting activities and clean-up campaigns among others.

•Environment and Research

There is need to strengthen the link between research and environment. EEAI will encourage universities to undertake research on priority environmental issues in the country that will provide practical solutions and technologies.Other opportunities will be explored to identify potential areas of collaboration in both research and teaching. This will enhance the capacity in management of environmental issues.

•Environment and Media

The media is an important stakeholder in environmental education and awareness creation. The key advantage of the media is its’ ability to reach different audiences simultaneously with uniform messages. The main channels of communication include print and electronic media such as Newspapers, radio, television and cinema among others. As such, there is need to work closely with the media to enhance coverage of accurate information in the news, events, programmes and documentaries on topical environmental iissues. It is expected that this will help in?uence positive attitude and change of behaviour. The media houses are therefore urged to embrace environmental conservation as Social Corporate Responsibility (CSR).

Mobilization & Implementation Strategies

Several environmental mobilization strategies have been developed by various stakeholders such as those by National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). EEAI will harness and supplement these efforts, carry out education and awareness campaigns, help strengthen capacity of existing efforts and galvanize sectoral and institutional partnerships involving all partners. EEAI will promote the conservation of wetlands

EEAI Expected Outcomes

i. Positive change of attitude and participation in environmental conservation
among the Kenyan public
ii. Enhanced prioritization of the environment among stakeholders
iii. Enhanced partnerships in environmental governance between MEMR
and stakeholders


The PCC is established under Part III Section 32 (a) of the Act to investigate and make periodic reports on allegations and complaints of suspected cases of environmental degradation. The Committee also prepares and submits to NEC periodic reports of its activities. PCC reports contribute to the annual State of Environment Report.


Structure of the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources

The Ministry is composed of four technical departments / directorates (Mines and Geology, Resource Survey and Remote Sensing. Meteorology, Environment) and one support Department of Administration and Finance, as well as one major parastatal –the National Environment Management Authority( NEMA )

Background to Establishment of Environment Directorate

The Directorate was established in July 2008.

· Change in International Environment Agenda
High priority to environment and especially Climate Change
· Public Service structural and functional reforms
Relevance. There is need to profile the economic value of environment. Articulated by the Vision 2030 Social Pillar
· Recommendation from Functional analysis of Ministry ( February – September 2007). Supported by Environmental Programme Support (EPS) & Revise Strategic Plan (SP)
· Implementation of EMCA (1999) for impact through best practices in environmental governance

The Ministry established an Environment Coordination Directorate at the Headquarters that has technically qualified people responsible for review of environmental policy formulation. The division provides co-ordination between the Ministry and various agencies and units such as NEMA, PCC & Regional & International bodies on environmental matters. The Directorate of Environment (DE) is involved in policy formulation, development and advice on environmental matters in the Ministry. This division supports NEMA without and is in the Ministry for environmental matters.

Current Structure of the Directorate

The new Directorate of Environment (DE) is responsible for the overall coordination of environment. It is headed by the Environment Secretary. It is structured as follows:

Environment Secretary (ES)

· Overall supervision and coordination of Environment Directorate
· Implementation of performance Contract (overall coordination with planning division and targets under Environment Directorate)
· Climate Change Issues
· International forestry issues
· Communication, ICT, and Ministry profiling
· Gok-Donor co-ordination meetings (environment sector)
· Gender desk (mainstreaming)

Director Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements (DMEAS)

¨ Overall coordination of multi-lateral environmental agreements and domestication(MEAs) desk officers
¨ MEAs strategy
¨ Tracking MEAs on national obligations and commitments, implementation and funding
¨ Domestication of MEAs and trading international discourse
¨ Awareness on MEAs
¨ Coordinate actors/national implementers of MEA

Director Policy Formulation, Interpretation and Implementation (DPFII)

· Overall coordination of environment policy issues and mainstreaming
· Environment policy formulation and/or reviews
· Environment mainstreaming
· Ecosystem issues (forests, wetlands, marine, Protected areas etc)
· Coordination of partners/actors in environment sector
· NEC, NET, NETFUND and PCC desks

Director Programmes, Projects and Strategic Initiatives (DPPSI)

¨ Overall coordination of programme, project implementation in the ministry
¨ Project design and proposal writing
¨ Monitor project implementation and reporting
¨ Project impacts and outcomes
¨ Programme/project data bases (project documents, financing agreements, reports etc
¨ Dissemination/research issues



The Vision is to become a national focal centre of excellence in matters related to development of national Geo-spatial Databases on most renewable and non-renewable natural resources and environment for rapid decision-making and Canada Goose Chilliwack Bomber Herr policy formulation.


The Mission is to Belstaff Knockhill promote sustainable development of Geo-spatial Information Databases while up-holding efficiency in its dissemination for purpose of alleviating poverty and supporting sustainable development.


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) is mandated with the collection, storage, analysis, updating and dissemination of geo-spatial information on natural resources to facilitate informed decision-making for sustainable management of these resources with the major aim of alleviating poverty and environmental management. Data collected forms the basis for formulation of policies and development plans and help decision-making in various government ministries, and resource planning and management agencies.


The main objectives of the department are:

  • To collect data on the numbers and distributions of livestock/wildlife and associated environment/ecological attributes in the Kenya Rangelands;
  • To inventorize, map and monitor the Golden Goose Mid Star Rea vegetation and habitats of livestock/wildlife in Kenya;
  • To undertake land cover/use assessment, mapping and monitoring (vegetation cover, forests, species composition, biofuel and land degradation);
  • To develop early warning systems (EWS) for crop forecasting used in food security management and vegetation biomass productivity monitoring for range management
  • To develop Land Information Management Systems (LIMS) from geospatial Golden Goose Francy Rea databases generated;
  • Coordinate the application of remote sensing technology in Kenya


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) has a variety of up-to-date equipment and Golden Goose Deluxe Brand Francy professional staff for resource surveys and mapping:

  • Computers and software: – Data entry and analysis, map production, GIS and remote sensing laboratory.
  • Air Service:- 2 Partenavia 168 and Cessna 208 (Carravan) aircraft for wildlife/livestock aerial census, low level reconnaissance flights and high level aerial photography – forest cover mapping, infrastructures and crop forecasting
  • Sevilla Kits Pes 2013 Cameras: – High level aerial photography, 35mm vertical and oblique photo cameras
  • Tape recorders: – Aerial surveys of wildlife and livestock populations
  • Global Position Systems (GPS): – Location mapping and sampling
  • Fieldwork Vehicles: – Field sampling and ground truthings
  • Herbarium: – Depository and inventory of plant specimens
  • Library: – Books, technical reports and articles relevant to the department’s activities

A service charter is basically an instrument or contracts/obligations set to provide quality and efficient services between a client and a customer. The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) charter contains our objectives and services we provide. This charter is prepared in an effort to improve service delivery in accordance with the civil service reform policies and results based management (RBM) initiative of the Kenya Government. The standards in this Charter are therefore consistent with the Kenya’s Public Service Values and Code of Conduct and form the basis of evaluating and reporting on our services. DRSRS members of staff are bound by the Ethics and Code of Conduct stipulated in the Public Officer Ethics Act 2003, the Civil Service Code of Regulations (COR) and the departmental code of conduct (appended). Our performance against these standards and your feedback will be crucial. DRSRS aims to continually improve its customer services and the Service Charter will be reviewed regularly in consultation with the staff and feedback from the clients.


The services provided by the Department revolve around our activities and include:

  • Maps, datasets and reports
  • Aerial surveys and mapping
  • Aerial censuses
  • Digital cartography and map compilation and printing
  • GIS analysis
  • Satellite scenes or sub-scenes
  • Training in Remote sensing, GIS and GPS
  • Image processing and printing
  • Aerial photography
  • Development of panchromatic photographic films
  • Photo interpretation
  • Reconnaissance flights

Download Service Charter here


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) formerly known as Kenya Rangeland Ecological Monitoring Unit (KREMU) was established in 1976 with funding from the Government of Kenya and Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The unit was then under the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife with the main aim of monitoring the condition and trends of natural resources (mainly the vegetation cover, wildlife and livestock populations) in the Kenya rangelands using aerial ground sampling techniques, aerial survey and remote sensing application.

Over time, the scope of the UNIT was expanded. In 1982 the Government of Kenya and the World Bank funded the land use/cover mapping progamme for the high potential areas and the French Government funded forest cover mapping using SPOT satellite. The World Bank continued supporting the Department through the Agricultural Sector Management Programme (ASMP) until 1998.  All the departments’ activities are today wholly funded by the Government of Kenya. Exceptions are a few projects co-sponsored by various local partners involved in environmental planning and management in the country.

  • 1984 – KREMU began crop forecasting programme;
  • 1987 – Installed Geographical Information System;
    • 1988 – Became full-fledged department under the Ministry of Planning and National Development;
  • 2002 – 2008: Moved to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources; and
  • 2008 – Present: Moved to the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources

Today, the scope of the department’s activities has increased tremendously with mandates to collect the geospatial data/information on most natural resources in Kenya with a view to monitoring changes over time and space. The data gathered is used in planning, Conservation and management of the said resources in various ministries and agencies of government and other users.





During the period under review, Nyeri Meteorological Stationrecorded the highest seven-day total rainfall of11.2mm. Other stations that recorded rainfall include […]


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