Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Background
The mission of the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources (MEMR) is to promote, monitor, conserve, protect and sustainably manage the environmental and mineral resources for national development. MEMR is fully committed to the realization that a sustainable environment is a fundamental pre-requisite in national development, poverty eradication and improved livelihoods for all generations. In view of this MEMR is now implementing a National Environmental Education and Awareness Initiative (EEAI) to educate and raise awareness on environmental challenges to all Kenyans and to encourage the participation of all stakeholders in environmental conservation and management.

Environmental Challenges

Several environmental challenges have been experienced in Kenya mainly due to over-exploitation of natural resources and emission of wastes and pollutants into the environment leading to degradation. Some of the key challenges include:

•Pollution
Pollution of the environment especially related to land, water and air has led to adverse effects on animal and human health as well as the quality of the environment. As such, pollution poses a major challenge to environmental management which has been exacerbated by inadequate treatment facilities as well as irregular collection and disposal procedures.

EEAI will inform the public on environmental challenges such as air pollution

• Deforestation
Extensive destruction of forests has been rampant in the past due to illegal logging and excisions among other threats. This has also led to the loss of forest cover and the subsequent destruction of water catchment areas. Loss of tree cover has significantly reduced the vegetation cover which act as natural sinks for carbon dioxide. Deforestation has enhanced climate change and its impacts. In addition, it has resulted in increased occurrence of ?oods, soil erosion and drought. Some of the consequences of deforestation being
experienced in the country include reduction in water and hydro-electric power supply leading increased production costs of goods and services which will ultimately slow down Kenyan economic growth.

• Global warming and climate change
The earth’s atmosphere is getting warmer due to global warming which is causing climate change. The change in climate has led to altered rainfall patterns, variability and extremes of weather. This has led to increase in frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and rise in sea levels. This has affected crop yields, increased vector borne diseases, destroyed infrastructure, contaminated fresh waters and degraded agricultural lands.

•Land use
Poor land use has led to land degradation. Though caused by both natural and human activities, land degradation has led to desertification, loss of water, soil infertility, poor crop yields and loss of biodiversity. Land degradation has reduced soil productivity and opportunities for livelihoods’ potential to contribute to national development. EEAI will promote land use guidelines that will be developed by lead agencies based on sectoral policies within the framework of EMCA (1999) in order to mitigate this challenge. Land degradation in arid and semi arid lands

• Waste management
Waste comprises of solid, liquid and gaseous components. These are primarily penerated as a result of human activities. A great deal of wastes generated is illegally dumped leading to physical accumulation or its discharge to fresh water as effluents. Waste management is a great challenge to the country due to the absence of appropriate technologies and modern facilities. Improper waste disposal has also enhanced land degradation and reduced the quality of the environment. EEAI will promote waste reduction, reuse and recycling in order to safeguard the quality of the environment.

Public and Private Sector Participation
The Kenyan economy is primarily dependent on agriculture and natural resources. However, initiatives for sustainable management of environmental and natural resources do not receive high priority in budgetary allocation. There is need to create awareness on the value of the environment in order to enhance individual and corporate responsibility towards the same. Participation in environmental activities will in?uence ownership, positive change of attitude and change of behaviour. The public and private sector participation provides an opportunity for involvement, ownership and partnerships in environmental management. EEIA will help enhance this potential to encourage a culture of corporate social responsibility towards the environment in this sector. In addition, EEIA will encourage the private sector to increase its level of investments in environmental management as a way of giving back to nature for sustainable development. Unsustainable logging of trees has been a major environmental challenge in the country. EEAI will promote tree planting in schools and tertiary institutions.

EEAI Resource Mobilization
The initiative is likely to expand in scope

EEAI aims to work with local communities in activities such as tree planting

EEAI

This is an initiative by MEMR to provide a platform to inform, educate and engage various stakeholders. The goal is to enhance voluntary initiatives and participation in environmental conservation activities by every Kenyan through education and awareness campaigns. This is expected to foster inclusiveness and partnerships in environmental conservation and management. The implementation of EEAI will ensure effective stakeholder involvement and resource mobilization in environmental management.

Objectives of EEAI

i) Increase environmental awareness and participation in environmental
activities
ii) Mobilize the general public to get involved in the protection and conservation
of the environment and especially catchment conservation.
iii) Encourage media to embrace effective, positive and informative
environmental coverage in order to enhance awareness and prioritization
of the environment.

Proposed EEAI Activities

EEAI will mainly cover the following seven key areas:

• Public awareness campaigns
• Outreach and education
• Tree planting
• Clean-up campaigns
• Creating awareness of environmental challenges and solutions
• Promotion of best practices
• Dissemination of environmental messages through mass and folk media

Partnerships in Environmental Management Effective environmental management requires the participation of all stakeholders. EEAI will promote partnerships to integrate environmental management into the national development agenda across all sectors. The implementation of the initiative will take cognizance of the following approaches:
• Environment and Private sector

The Private Sector largely depends on the natural resource base as raw materials for production of products and services. However, the private sector often degrades the environment through generation & poor waste disposal, effluent discharge and emissions into the environment. As such EEAI offers a forum for public and
private sector partnerships in environmental conservation. This approach will synchronize activities for better management of the environment.

• Environment and Society

The civil society and general public comprise a major stakeholder in environmental management and governance. The society influence decision-making systems based on the level of understanding, physical location, knowledge, experience and presence. The initiative will work with organized groups such as CSOs and BOs in order to enhance environmental awareness.

• Environment and Youth

The Youth represent a large proportion of the Kenyan population and the future generation of the country. As such the youth provide a great potential in environmental conservation activities due to their large numbers and energies. EEAI will serve to provide a forum for youth participate in environmental conservation activities.Youth partnerships will be through learning institutions such as schools,colleges and universities as well as organized groups. Involvement the youth will enhance environmental consciousness and encourage good environmental practices for the future generation. Youth activities will include poems, art/music, drama, debate on topical issues, establishment of tree nurseries, tree planting activities and clean-up campaigns among others.

•Environment and Research

There is need to strengthen the link between research and environment. EEAI will encourage universities to undertake research on priority environmental issues in the country that will provide practical solutions and technologies.Other opportunities will be explored to identify potential areas of collaboration in both research and teaching. This will enhance the capacity in management of environmental issues.

•Environment and Media

The media is an important stakeholder in environmental education and awareness creation. The key advantage of the media is its’ ability to reach different audiences simultaneously with uniform messages. The main channels of communication include print and electronic media such as Newspapers, radio, television and cinema among others. As such, there is need to work closely with the media to enhance coverage of accurate information in the news, events, programmes and documentaries on topical environmental iissues. It is expected that this will help in?uence positive attitude and change of behaviour. The media houses are therefore urged to embrace environmental conservation as Social Corporate Responsibility (CSR).

Mobilization & Implementation Strategies

Several environmental mobilization strategies have been developed by various stakeholders such as those by National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). EEAI will harness and supplement these efforts, carry out education and awareness campaigns, help strengthen capacity of existing efforts and galvanize sectoral and institutional partnerships involving all partners. EEAI will promote the conservation of wetlands

EEAI Expected Outcomes

i. Positive change of attitude and participation in environmental conservation
among the Kenyan public
ii. Enhanced prioritization of the environment among stakeholders
iii. Enhanced partnerships in environmental governance between MEMR
and stakeholders

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Part XII Section 125 (1) of the Act establishes NET to review administrative decisions made by NEMA relating to issuance, revocation or denial of licence and conditions of licence. It also provides legal opinion to NEMA on complex matters where the Authority seeks such advice. In addition, the Tribunal has powers to change or give an order and direction regarding environmental issues in dispute.

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The PCC is established under Part III Section 32 (a) of the Act to investigate and make periodic reports on allegations and complaints of suspected cases of environmental degradation. The Committee also prepares and submits to NEC periodic reports of its activities. PCC reports contribute to the annual State of Environment Report.

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The National Environment Council (NEC) is established by Section 4(1) of the Environmental Management and Coordination Act no. 8 of 1999. IThe committees are chaired by  is chaired by the Minister responsible for of Environment matters. Other members of the Council are:

  • The Permanent Secretaries responsible for matters in the First Schedule of the Act, namely:  agriculture economic planning and development, education, energy, environment, finance, fisheries, foreign affairs, health, industry, law or law enforcement, local government, natural resources, public administration, public works, research and technology, tourism and water resources;
  • Representatives of public universities;  specialized research institutions;  the business community and non-governmental organizations;
  • The Director General NEMA who shall be its Secretary.
Key Functions of NEC:
  • Policy formulation and direction for the purposes of this act
  • Set national goals and objectives and determine policies and priorities for the protection of the environment;
  • Promote cooperation among public departments, local authorities, private sector, non-governmental organizations and such other organizations engaged in environmental protection programmes;
  • Perform such other functions as are assigned under the Act.
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The authority core functions are:

*   Coordinating the Golden Goose 2.12 Billigt various environmental management activities being undertaken by the lead agencies

* Promote the integration of environmental considerations into Golden Goose V-star 1 Sneakers development policies, plans, programmes and projects, with a view to ensuring the proper management and rational utilization of environmental resources, on sustainable yield basis, for the improvement of the quality of human life in Kenya.

* To take stock of the natural resources in Kenya and their utilization and conservation.

* To establish and review land use guidelines.

* Examine land use patterns to determine their impact on the quality and quantity of natural resources.

* Carry out surveys, which will assist in the proper management and conservation of the environment.

* Advise the Government on legislative and other measures for the management of the environment or the implementation of relevant international conventions, treaties and agreements.

* Advise the Government on regional and international conventions, treaties and agreements to which Kenya should be a party and follow up the implementation of such agreements.

* Undertake and coordinate Golden Goose Superstar Hombre Baratas research, investigation and surveys, collect, collate and disseminate information on the Golden Goose Deluxe Brand Sale findings of such research, investigations or surveys.

* Mobilize and monitor the use of financial and human resources for environmental management.

* Identify projects and programmes for which environmental audit or environmental monitoring must be conducted under this Act.

* Initiate and evolve procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents, which may cause environmental degradatIon and evolve remedial measures where accidents occur e.g. floods, landslides and oilspills.

* Monitor and assess activities, including activities being carried out by relevant lead agencies, in order to ensure that the environment is not degraded by such activities. Management objectives must be adhered to and adequate early warning on impending environmental emergencies is given.


Creating Awareness

Undertake, in cooperation with relevant lead agencies, programmes intended to enhance environmental education and public awareness, about the need for sound environmental management, as well as for enlisting public support and encouraging the effort made by other Mcqueen Scarf Sale entities in that regard.

* Publish and disseminate manual codes or guidelines relating to environmental management and prevention or abatement of environmental degradation.

* Render advice and technical support, where possible, to entities engaged in natural resources management and environmental protection, so as to enable them to carry out their responsibilities satisfactorily .

* Golden Goose Superstar Schuhe Prepare and issue an annual report on the State of Environment in Kenya and in this regard, may direct any lead agency to prepare and submit to it a report on the state of the sector of the environment under the administration of that lead agency.

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The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is established under the Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA) No. 8 of 1999, as the principal instrument of government in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment.

The Authority became operational on 1st July 2002 following the merger of three government departments, namely: the National Environment Secretariat (NES), the Permanent Presidential Commission on Soil Conservation and Afforestation (PPCSCA), and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS). However, following government restructuring in March 2003, DRSRS reverted to its departmental status under the then Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MENR). There was a transition period characterised by the integration of previous departmental activities and appointment of the first Board of Management.

Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999

The enactment of EMCA, 1999 was a milestone in promoting sustainable environmental management in the country.  The Act provides for the harmonization of about 77 sectoral statutes, which address aspects of the environment. Some sectoral statutes have inadequate provisions for prosecution of environmental offenders, while in some penalties are not sufficiently punitive to deter offenders. EMCA, 1999 provides an institutional framework and procedures for management of the environment, including provisions for conflict resolution.

Section 3 of EMCA, 1999 states that “Every person in Kenya is entitled to a clean and healthy environment and has the duty to safeguard and enhance the environment.”  The Act is intended to ensure that our activities do not compromise the capacity of the resource base to meet the needs of the present generation as well as those of future generations (WCED, 1987)

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WHO WE ARE

The National Environment Trust Fund (NETFUND) is a state corporation under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. NETFUND was established in 1999 by the Environmental Management and Coordination Act or EMCA (Section 24). Official operations began in 2006 under the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). NETFUND became a state corporation independent of NEMA, in 2015 following amendment of the EMCA.

Section 24 of the Act sets out the following objectives for which NETFUND is established:

To facilitate research intended to further the requirements of environmental management, capacity building, environmental awards, environmental publications, scholarships and grants.

OUR VISION

Sustainable financing for environmental management in Kenya.

OUR MISSION

To mobilize, manage and avail resources for environmental awards, capacity building, research and publications, scholarships and grants in Kenya.

CORPORATE VALUES

The NETFUND core values are key principles that guide all our actions and behaviours. They form the foundation of the NETFUND culture and apply to Board of Trustees and all staff. These are:

  1. Passion: Belief in the difference our work makes compels us to provide exceptional services to our customers. We are prepared to go the extra mile to exceed our stakeholders’ expectations.
  2. Respect: Our esteem for our stakeholders makes us receptive and responsive to their needs and divergent opinions.
  3. Stewardship: As a Trust Fund we are prudent in the use of the resources entrusted to us to ensure maximum benefit accrues to our beneficiaries.

GOVERNANCE

NETFUND is governed by a Board of Trustees (BoT) which is the highest decision making organ of the Fund. The BoT members are appointed by the Cabinet Secretary in charge of Environment and Forestry.

The BoT is responsible for guiding the strategic direction of the fund, organizational policy frameworks, oversight of the Fund’s assets and undertaking any other activities within the mandate of the organization. The day-to-day running of the organization is vested in the Chief Executive Officer who is supported by a dedicated and skilled team.

For more information about NETFUND, visit www.netfund.go.ke

CONTACTS

National Environment Trust Fund

First Floor, National Water Plaza

Dunga Road, Industrial Area, Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: +254 20 2369563

Email: info@netfund.go.ke

 

 

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Structure of the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources

The Ministry is composed of four technical departments / directorates (Mines and Geology, Resource Survey and Remote Sensing. Meteorology, Environment) and one support Department of Administration and Finance, as well as one major parastatal –the National Environment Management Authority( NEMA )

Background to Establishment of Environment Directorate

The Directorate was established in July 2008.

· Change in International Environment Agenda
High priority to environment and especially Climate Change
· Public Service structural and functional reforms
Relevance. There is need to profile the economic value of environment. Articulated by the Vision 2030 Social Pillar
· Recommendation from Functional analysis of Ministry ( February – September 2007). Supported by Environmental Programme Support (EPS) & Revise Strategic Plan (SP)
· Implementation of EMCA (1999) for impact through best practices in environmental governance

The Ministry established an Environment Coordination Directorate at the Headquarters that has technically qualified people responsible for review of environmental policy formulation. The division provides co-ordination between the Ministry and various agencies and units such as NEMA, PCC & Regional & International bodies on environmental matters. The Directorate of Environment (DE) is involved in policy formulation, development and advice on environmental matters in the Ministry. This division supports NEMA without and is in the Ministry for environmental matters.

Current Structure of the Directorate

The new Directorate of Environment (DE) is responsible for the overall coordination of environment. It is headed by the Environment Secretary. It is structured as follows:

Environment Secretary (ES)

· Overall supervision and coordination of Environment Directorate
· Implementation of performance Contract (overall coordination with planning division and targets under Environment Directorate)
· Climate Change Issues
· International forestry issues
· Communication, ICT, and Ministry profiling
· Gok-Donor co-ordination meetings (environment sector)
· Gender desk (mainstreaming)

Director Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements (DMEAS)

¨ Overall coordination of multi-lateral environmental agreements and domestication(MEAs) desk officers
¨ MEAs strategy
¨ Tracking MEAs on national obligations and commitments, implementation and funding
¨ Domestication of MEAs and trading international discourse
¨ Awareness on MEAs
¨ Coordinate actors/national implementers of MEA

Director Policy Formulation, Interpretation and Implementation (DPFII)

· Overall coordination of environment policy issues and mainstreaming
· Environment policy formulation and/or reviews
· Environment mainstreaming
· Ecosystem issues (forests, wetlands, marine, Protected areas etc)
· Coordination of partners/actors in environment sector
· NEC, NET, NETFUND and PCC desks

Director Programmes, Projects and Strategic Initiatives (DPPSI)

¨ Overall coordination of programme, project implementation in the ministry
¨ Project design and proposal writing
¨ Monitor project implementation and reporting
¨ Project impacts and outcomes
¨ Programme/project data bases (project documents, financing agreements, reports etc
¨ Dissemination/research issues

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VISION

The Vision is to become a national focal centre of excellence in matters related to development of national Geo-spatial Databases on most renewable and non-renewable natural resources and environment for rapid decision-making and Canada Goose Chilliwack Bomber Herr policy formulation.

MISSION

The Mission is to Belstaff Knockhill promote sustainable development of Geo-spatial Information Databases while up-holding efficiency in its dissemination for purpose of alleviating poverty and supporting sustainable development.

MANDATE

The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) is mandated with the collection, storage, analysis, updating and dissemination of geo-spatial information on natural resources to facilitate informed decision-making for sustainable management of these resources with the major aim of alleviating poverty and environmental management. Data collected forms the basis for formulation of policies and development plans and help decision-making in various government ministries, and resource planning and management agencies.

OBJECTIVES

The main objectives of the department are:

  • To collect data on the numbers and distributions of livestock/wildlife and associated environment/ecological attributes in the Kenya Rangelands;
  • To inventorize, map and monitor the Golden Goose Mid Star Rea vegetation and habitats of livestock/wildlife in Kenya;
  • To undertake land cover/use assessment, mapping and monitoring (vegetation cover, forests, species composition, biofuel and land degradation);
  • To develop early warning systems (EWS) for crop forecasting used in food security management and vegetation biomass productivity monitoring for range management
  • To develop Land Information Management Systems (LIMS) from geospatial Golden Goose Francy Rea databases generated;
  • Coordinate the application of remote sensing technology in Kenya

FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT

The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) has a variety of up-to-date equipment and Golden Goose Deluxe Brand Francy professional staff for resource surveys and mapping:

  • Computers and software: – Data entry and analysis, map production, GIS and remote sensing laboratory.
  • Air Service:- 2 Partenavia 168 and Cessna 208 (Carravan) aircraft for wildlife/livestock aerial census, low level reconnaissance flights and high level aerial photography – forest cover mapping, infrastructures and crop forecasting
  • Sevilla Kits Pes 2013 Cameras: – High level aerial photography, 35mm vertical and oblique photo cameras
  • Tape recorders: – Aerial surveys of wildlife and livestock populations
  • Global Position Systems (GPS): – Location mapping and sampling
  • Fieldwork Vehicles: – Field sampling and ground truthings
  • Herbarium: – Depository and inventory of plant specimens
  • Library: – Books, technical reports and articles relevant to the department’s activities
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A service charter is basically an instrument or contracts/obligations set to provide quality and efficient services between a client and a customer. The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) charter contains our objectives and services we provide. This charter is prepared in an effort to improve service delivery in accordance with the civil service reform policies and results based management (RBM) initiative of the Kenya Government. The standards in this Charter are therefore consistent with the Kenya’s Public Service Values and Code of Conduct and form the basis of evaluating and reporting on our services. DRSRS members of staff are bound by the Ethics and Code of Conduct stipulated in the Public Officer Ethics Act 2003, the Civil Service Code of Regulations (COR) and the departmental code of conduct (appended). Our performance against these standards and your feedback will be crucial. DRSRS aims to continually improve its customer services and the Service Charter will be reviewed regularly in consultation with the staff and feedback from the clients.

DRSRS SERVICES

The services provided by the Department revolve around our activities and include:

  • Maps, datasets and reports
  • Aerial surveys and mapping
  • Aerial censuses
  • Digital cartography and map compilation and printing
  • GIS analysis
  • Satellite scenes or sub-scenes
  • Training in Remote sensing, GIS and GPS
  • Image processing and printing
  • Aerial photography
  • Development of panchromatic photographic films
  • Photo interpretation
  • Reconnaissance flights

Download Service Charter here

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The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) formerly known as Kenya Rangeland Ecological Monitoring Unit (KREMU) was established in 1976 with funding from the Government of Kenya and Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The unit was then under the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife with the main aim of monitoring the condition and trends of natural resources (mainly the vegetation cover, wildlife and livestock populations) in the Kenya rangelands using aerial ground sampling techniques, aerial survey and remote sensing application.

Over time, the scope of the UNIT was expanded. In 1982 the Government of Kenya and the World Bank funded the land use/cover mapping progamme for the high potential areas and the French Government funded forest cover mapping using SPOT satellite. The World Bank continued supporting the Department through the Agricultural Sector Management Programme (ASMP) until 1998.  All the departments’ activities are today wholly funded by the Government of Kenya. Exceptions are a few projects co-sponsored by various local partners involved in environmental planning and management in the country.

  • 1984 – KREMU began crop forecasting programme;
  • 1987 – Installed Geographical Information System;
    • 1988 – Became full-fledged department under the Ministry of Planning and National Development;
  • 2002 – 2008: Moved to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources; and
  • 2008 – Present: Moved to the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources

Today, the scope of the department’s activities has increased tremendously with mandates to collect the geospatial data/information on most natural resources in Kenya with a view to monitoring changes over time and space. The data gathered is used in planning, Conservation and management of the said resources in various ministries and agencies of government and other users.

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