Friday, September 20, 2019

The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is established under the Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA) No. 8 of 1999, as the principal instrument of government in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment.

The Authority became operational on 1st July 2002 following the merger of three government departments, namely: the National Environment Secretariat (NES), the Permanent Presidential Commission on Soil Conservation and Afforestation (PPCSCA), and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS). However, following government restructuring in March 2003, DRSRS reverted to its departmental status under the then Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MENR). There was a transition period characterised by the integration of previous departmental activities and appointment of the first Board of Management.

Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999

The enactment of EMCA, 1999 was a milestone in promoting sustainable environmental management in the country.  The Act provides for the harmonization of about 77 sectoral statutes, which address aspects of the environment. Some sectoral statutes have inadequate provisions for prosecution of environmental offenders, while in some penalties are not sufficiently punitive to deter offenders. EMCA, 1999 provides an institutional framework and procedures for management of the environment, including provisions for conflict resolution.

Section 3 of EMCA, 1999 states that “Every person in Kenya is entitled to a clean and healthy environment and has the duty to safeguard and enhance the environment.”  The Act is intended to ensure that our activities do not compromise the capacity of the resource base to meet the needs of the present generation as well as those of future generations (WCED, 1987)



The National Environment Trust Fund (NETFUND) is a state corporation under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. NETFUND was established in 1999 by the Environmental Management and Coordination Act or EMCA (Section 24). Official operations began in 2006 under the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). NETFUND became a state corporation independent of NEMA, in 2015 following amendment of the EMCA.

Section 24 of the Act sets out the following objectives for which NETFUND is established:

To facilitate research intended to further the requirements of environmental management, capacity building, environmental awards, environmental publications, scholarships and grants.


Sustainable financing for environmental management in Kenya.


To mobilize, manage and avail resources for environmental awards, capacity building, research and publications, scholarships and grants in Kenya.


The NETFUND core values are key principles that guide all our actions and behaviours. They form the foundation of the NETFUND culture and apply to Board of Trustees and all staff. These are:

  1. Passion: Belief in the difference our work makes compels us to provide exceptional services to our customers. We are prepared to go the extra mile to exceed our stakeholders’ expectations.
  2. Respect: Our esteem for our stakeholders makes us receptive and responsive to their needs and divergent opinions.
  3. Stewardship: As a Trust Fund we are prudent in the use of the resources entrusted to us to ensure maximum benefit accrues to our beneficiaries.


NETFUND is governed by a Board of Trustees (BoT) which is the highest decision making organ of the Fund. The BoT members are appointed by the Cabinet Secretary in charge of Environment and Forestry.

The BoT is responsible for guiding the strategic direction of the fund, organizational policy frameworks, oversight of the Fund’s assets and undertaking any other activities within the mandate of the organization. The day-to-day running of the organization is vested in the Chief Executive Officer who is supported by a dedicated and skilled team.

For more information about NETFUND, visit


National Environment Trust Fund

First Floor, National Water Plaza

Dunga Road, Industrial Area, Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: +254 20 2369563





Structure of the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources

The Ministry is composed of four technical departments / directorates (Mines and Geology, Resource Survey and Remote Sensing. Meteorology, Environment) and one support Department of Administration and Finance, as well as one major parastatal –the National Environment Management Authority( NEMA )

Background to Establishment of Environment Directorate

The Directorate was established in July 2008.

· Change in International Environment Agenda
High priority to environment and especially Climate Change
· Public Service structural and functional reforms
Relevance. There is need to profile the economic value of environment. Articulated by the Vision 2030 Social Pillar
· Recommendation from Functional analysis of Ministry ( February – September 2007). Supported by Environmental Programme Support (EPS) & Revise Strategic Plan (SP)
· Implementation of EMCA (1999) for impact through best practices in environmental governance

The Ministry established an Environment Coordination Directorate at the Headquarters that has technically qualified people responsible for review of environmental policy formulation. The division provides co-ordination between the Ministry and various agencies and units such as NEMA, PCC & Regional & International bodies on environmental matters. The Directorate of Environment (DE) is involved in policy formulation, development and advice on environmental matters in the Ministry. This division supports NEMA without and is in the Ministry for environmental matters.

Current Structure of the Directorate

The new Directorate of Environment (DE) is responsible for the overall coordination of environment. It is headed by the Environment Secretary. It is structured as follows:

Environment Secretary (ES)

· Overall supervision and coordination of Environment Directorate
· Implementation of performance Contract (overall coordination with planning division and targets under Environment Directorate)
· Climate Change Issues
· International forestry issues
· Communication, ICT, and Ministry profiling
· Gok-Donor co-ordination meetings (environment sector)
· Gender desk (mainstreaming)

Director Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements (DMEAS)

¨ Overall coordination of multi-lateral environmental agreements and domestication(MEAs) desk officers
¨ MEAs strategy
¨ Tracking MEAs on national obligations and commitments, implementation and funding
¨ Domestication of MEAs and trading international discourse
¨ Awareness on MEAs
¨ Coordinate actors/national implementers of MEA

Director Policy Formulation, Interpretation and Implementation (DPFII)

· Overall coordination of environment policy issues and mainstreaming
· Environment policy formulation and/or reviews
· Environment mainstreaming
· Ecosystem issues (forests, wetlands, marine, Protected areas etc)
· Coordination of partners/actors in environment sector
· NEC, NET, NETFUND and PCC desks

Director Programmes, Projects and Strategic Initiatives (DPPSI)

¨ Overall coordination of programme, project implementation in the ministry
¨ Project design and proposal writing
¨ Monitor project implementation and reporting
¨ Project impacts and outcomes
¨ Programme/project data bases (project documents, financing agreements, reports etc
¨ Dissemination/research issues



The Vision is to become a national focal centre of excellence in matters related to development of national Geo-spatial Databases on most renewable and non-renewable natural resources and environment for rapid decision-making and Canada Goose Chilliwack Bomber Herr policy formulation.


The Mission is to Belstaff Knockhill promote sustainable development of Geo-spatial Information Databases while up-holding efficiency in its dissemination for purpose of alleviating poverty and supporting sustainable development.


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) is mandated with the collection, storage, analysis, updating and dissemination of geo-spatial information on natural resources to facilitate informed decision-making for sustainable management of these resources with the major aim of alleviating poverty and environmental management. Data collected forms the basis for formulation of policies and development plans and help decision-making in various government ministries, and resource planning and management agencies.


The main objectives of the department are:

  • To collect data on the numbers and distributions of livestock/wildlife and associated environment/ecological attributes in the Kenya Rangelands;
  • To inventorize, map and monitor the Golden Goose Mid Star Rea vegetation and habitats of livestock/wildlife in Kenya;
  • To undertake land cover/use assessment, mapping and monitoring (vegetation cover, forests, species composition, biofuel and land degradation);
  • To develop early warning systems (EWS) for crop forecasting used in food security management and vegetation biomass productivity monitoring for range management
  • To develop Land Information Management Systems (LIMS) from geospatial Golden Goose Francy Rea databases generated;
  • Coordinate the application of remote sensing technology in Kenya


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) has a variety of up-to-date equipment and Golden Goose Deluxe Brand Francy professional staff for resource surveys and mapping:

  • Computers and software: – Data entry and analysis, map production, GIS and remote sensing laboratory.
  • Air Service:- 2 Partenavia 168 and Cessna 208 (Carravan) aircraft for wildlife/livestock aerial census, low level reconnaissance flights and high level aerial photography – forest cover mapping, infrastructures and crop forecasting
  • Sevilla Kits Pes 2013 Cameras: – High level aerial photography, 35mm vertical and oblique photo cameras
  • Tape recorders: – Aerial surveys of wildlife and livestock populations
  • Global Position Systems (GPS): – Location mapping and sampling
  • Fieldwork Vehicles: – Field sampling and ground truthings
  • Herbarium: – Depository and inventory of plant specimens
  • Library: – Books, technical reports and articles relevant to the department’s activities

A service charter is basically an instrument or contracts/obligations set to provide quality and efficient services between a client and a customer. The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) charter contains our objectives and services we provide. This charter is prepared in an effort to improve service delivery in accordance with the civil service reform policies and results based management (RBM) initiative of the Kenya Government. The standards in this Charter are therefore consistent with the Kenya’s Public Service Values and Code of Conduct and form the basis of evaluating and reporting on our services. DRSRS members of staff are bound by the Ethics and Code of Conduct stipulated in the Public Officer Ethics Act 2003, the Civil Service Code of Regulations (COR) and the departmental code of conduct (appended). Our performance against these standards and your feedback will be crucial. DRSRS aims to continually improve its customer services and the Service Charter will be reviewed regularly in consultation with the staff and feedback from the clients.


The services provided by the Department revolve around our activities and include:

  • Maps, datasets and reports
  • Aerial surveys and mapping
  • Aerial censuses
  • Digital cartography and map compilation and printing
  • GIS analysis
  • Satellite scenes or sub-scenes
  • Training in Remote sensing, GIS and GPS
  • Image processing and printing
  • Aerial photography
  • Development of panchromatic photographic films
  • Photo interpretation
  • Reconnaissance flights

Download Service Charter here


The Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) formerly known as Kenya Rangeland Ecological Monitoring Unit (KREMU) was established in 1976 with funding from the Government of Kenya and Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The unit was then under the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife with the main aim of monitoring the condition and trends of natural resources (mainly the vegetation cover, wildlife and livestock populations) in the Kenya rangelands using aerial ground sampling techniques, aerial survey and remote sensing application.

Over time, the scope of the UNIT was expanded. In 1982 the Government of Kenya and the World Bank funded the land use/cover mapping progamme for the high potential areas and the French Government funded forest cover mapping using SPOT satellite. The World Bank continued supporting the Department through the Agricultural Sector Management Programme (ASMP) until 1998.  All the departments’ activities are today wholly funded by the Government of Kenya. Exceptions are a few projects co-sponsored by various local partners involved in environmental planning and management in the country.

  • 1984 – KREMU began crop forecasting programme;
  • 1987 – Installed Geographical Information System;
    • 1988 – Became full-fledged department under the Ministry of Planning and National Development;
  • 2002 – 2008: Moved to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources; and
  • 2008 – Present: Moved to the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources

Today, the scope of the department’s activities has increased tremendously with mandates to collect the geospatial data/information on most natural resources in Kenya with a view to monitoring changes over time and space. The data gathered is used in planning, Conservation and management of the said resources in various ministries and agencies of government and other users.




Our Vision

Aspiring to Become a Leading, World Class Operational Forecasting Centre and Scientific Institution that Provides Optimum Contribution to Improved Quality of Life

Our Mission

To Facilitate Accessible Meteorological Information and Services and Infusion of Scientific Knowledge to Spur Socio-economic Growth and Development


  • Provision of meteorological and climatological services to agriculture, forestry, water resources management, civil aviation and the private sector including industry, commerce and public utilities for the better exploitation and utilization of natural resources for national development;
  • Provision of meteorological services to shipping in the western Indian Ocean including the issuing of cyclone warnings for the safety of merchant and other ships;
  • Provision of meteorological services to military aviation for the safety of the Kenya Air Force aircraft for national defence;
  • Organization and administration of surface and upper air meteorological observations within its area of responsibility and the publication of climatological data;
  • Maintenance of an efficient telecommunications system for rapid collection and dissemination of meteorological information required for national and international use in accordance with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) procedures;
  • Co-ordination of research in meteorology and climatology including co-operation with other authorities in all aspects of applied meteorological research, and the maintenance of the National Meteorological Library;
  • Evolvement of suitable training programmes in all fields of meteorology and other related scientific subjects which are relevant to the development of Kenya and other countries that participate in the Department’s training activities.

Kenya like many other Member countries of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has invested a lot of financial and human resources into the scientific research aimed at the understanding and forecasting of weather. Every day massive amounts of data are collected and stored at National Meteorological Centres the world over. However the general public for whose benefit the weather services are offered have, for a long time remained unaware of the services. This is specially true in developing countries. The services therefore remain under exploited and sometimes unappreciated. Thus the  11th congress of the WMO in 1991 adopted the concept of the Public Weather Services Programme (PWSP) to solve this problem. The programme was meant to enhance the visibility of the national weather services, the understanding of vital meteorological information and improve the interpretation of forecasts and warnings by the public. WMO also recognized the fact that the development and subsequent implementation of the PWSP at national level will be country oriented in accordance with the member’s unique socio-cultural and economic environment.

The Kenya Meteorological Department set up its National Public Weather Services, NPWS, section in mid 1995 in accordance with the recommendations made by the two expert meetings on PWS in Geneva, (March 1992 and April 1994). The main objectives being to enhance awareness of available meteorological services and their benefits to the public and policy makers and to ensure correct public understanding and interpretation of the meteorological information. This was based on the understanding that the more knowledge the public and policy makers have on weather, the more they will appreciate and be supportive of efforts aimed at improving the quality of weather forecast




The Department was started on 1st January, 1933 through the Mining Ordinance of 1933, which replaced the code prevailing in the then Tanganyika Territory of 1931. The current Mining Act Chapter 306 commenced on 1st October 1940 and has been revised on two occasions 1972 and 1987.

The Department is headed by the Commissioner of Mines and Geology. It is divided into Mining and Geology Divisions.


  • Carry out geological Survey and Research
  • Maintenance of Geo-scientific database and information
  • Administration of legislation relating to mineral resources development
  • Mining and Mining Policy formulation
  • Advising the Government on Mineral Policy matters
  • Supervision of quarry and Mine safety
  • Security of commercial explosives.
P.O. BOX. 30009-00100
TEL. 254 20 558034 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting
254 20 558034      end_of_the_skype_highlighting
FAX. 254 20 555796



Ali D. Mohamed, CBS

The Ministry is headed by the Minister, Hon. John Michuki, EGH, MP. The Permanent Secretary, Ali D. Mohamed (CBS), is the Accounting/Authorizing Officer.

The Heads of Departments and Chief Executives, assist the Permanent Secretary in the day to day running of the Ministry.
The Departments and State Corporations under the Ministry are as follows:-
  • National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), headed by a Director General.
  • Administration and Planning, headed by a Director of Administration,
  • Mines and Geological Department, headed by a Commissioner of Mines,
  • Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing , headed by a Director,
  • Kenya Meteorological Department, headed by a Director.


The ministry comprises of various divisions at the headquarters and the following parastatals and departments:

•    National Environment Management Authority
•    Kenya Meteorological Department
•    Mines and Geology Department
•    Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS)



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