Monday, November 19, 2018

I wish to welcome readers to our Ministry’s website. Through mutual exchange of information with stakeholders and the public, better understanding of the role and mandate of our Ministry will be realized.

As stated in our vision statement, we recognize that our duty as a Government Ministry is “to be the leader in sustainable management of the environment and natural resources for national development”

Ali D. Mohamed, CBS , Permanent Secretary

The Ministry has also published its service charter and member of the public are encouraged to read the charter. The charter sets out how we provide services and how our services can be accessed.The mandate of the Ministry is broad and challenging and includes; to protect, conserve and sustainably manage the environment and natural resources in the country. Sustainable Management of the Environment and Natural Resources is linked to the improvement in the economic and social conditions of Kenyans hence the objective of achieving equity, ecological sustainability and economic growth. During the period 2008 – 2012 for example, the Government has projected economic growth of an average rate of 10%. This growth will be dependent on agriculture, tourism, manufacturing and the energy sector, which heavily rely on use of natural resources and the Environment.

Environment and Natural Resources Management issues are multi sectoral in nature and require positive interactions with both national and international partners. The Ministry will, therefore, endeavour to liaise with and involve all stakeholders in the implementation of the strategic plan.

Similarly, and in liaison with other sectors, appropriate reforms mainly targeting Institutional, policy and legal frame works will be developed and implemented towards environmental conservation and management of natural resources.

On behalf of my Ministry I welcome contribution, comments and views from our readers for improvement in service delivery.

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Mr Dawood A Mohamed PS MEMR opening the International conference on Biodiversity Land use and Climate Change at the Inter-continental Hote NRB

CHAPTER 4: THE BILL OF RIGHTS

Part 2 – Rights and fundamental freedoms

Environment: Clause 42

Every person has the right to a clean and healthy environment, which includes the right to

(a) have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations    through legislative and other measures, particularly those contemplated in Article 69; and

(b) have obligations relating to the environment fulfilled under Article 70.

CHAPTER 5: LAND AND ENVIRONMENT

Part 2 – Environment and Natural Resources

Obligations in respect of the Environment: Clause 69

(1)The State shall:-

(a) ensure sustainable exploitation, utilization, management and conservation of the environment and natural resources, and ensure the equitable sharing of the accruing benefits;

(b) work to achieve and maintain a tree cover of at least ten per cent of the land area of Kenya;

(c) protect and enhance intellectual property in, and indigenous knowledge of, biodiversity and the genetic resources of the communities;

(d) encourage public participation in the management, protection and conservation of the environment;

(e) protect genetic resources and biological diversity;

(f) establish systems of environmental impact assessment,environmental audit and monitoring of the environment;

(g) eliminate processes and activities that are likely to endanger the environment; and

(h) utilize the environment and natural resources for the benefit of the people of Kenya.

(2) Every person has a duty to cooperate with State organs and other persons to protect and conserve the environment and ensure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources.

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Permanent Secretary in the MEMR Mr Dawood Mohamed accompanied by Ministry & NEMA officials inspecting the on-going Nairobi River clean-up exercise

  • Environment and Natural Resources Policy formulation, analysis and review
  • Sustainable management of Mineral resources and conservation of environment
  • Continuous development of geo-database for integrated natural resources and environmental management systems
  • Conduct applied research and dissemination of research findings in land resources and geology
  • Carry out geological surveys, mineral exploration and regulation of mining and use of commercial explosives.
  • Promote, monitor and coordinate environmental activities and enforce compliance of environmental regulations and guidelines
  • Meteorological services
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Kenya has developed its first National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) in order to put in place robust and thorough adaptation and mitigation measures to minimize risks and maximize opportunities. The Strategy is destined to enhance Kenya’s participation in the global climate change (COP) Discussions. Download the NCCRS

National Climate Change Response Strategy

National Climate Change Response Strategy  – Executive Brief

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Environmental programme Support (EPS) is an initiative of the governments of Kenya, Denmark and Sweden. The overall objective of the Programme is to create sustainable environment framework in support of improved livelihoods in Kenya. The programme is foreseen as a first phase of a long-term (10-15 year) support to the environmental sector which will eventually be integrated into a broader Sector Wide Approach (SWAP).

Apart from realizing this objective, the programme contributes to Vision 2030, which recognizes environment as one of the seven key social sectors to be transformed in Kenya’s journey towards prosperity by the year 2030.EPS also contributes to the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), number-1 on poverty reduction and number 7- on ensuring environmental sustainability.

To realize these objectives, the programme provides support to the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR), the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and community based environment management using the Community Environmental Fund (CEF) under the Community Development Trust Fund (CTDF), in the Ministry of Planning and Vision 2030.

The immediate objectives of the programme are:

1. To improve GOK policy/strategic framework for environmental management emphasizing poverty-environment linkages;

2. To enhance GOK institutional capacity to support cross-cutting and decentralized environmental management; and

3. To create awareness, capacity and best practices generated from civil society participation in environmental management and planning.

EPS builds on the following strategic considerations which are vital to prudent natural resources management:
· Cross-sectoral nature of environmental management;
· Close links between poverty and environmental degradation;
· Linkage between policy, planning and practical implementation;
· Programme Sustainability by implementation through existing structures;
· Inbuilt flexibility and responsiveness by making provisions for adjustments within the framework of objectives;
· Involvement of private sector and civil society;
· Donor harmonized approaches to decentralized environmental service and community support; and
· Result oriented approach to capacity development.

EPS Implementation Arrangement

The programme is implemented through MEMR headquarters (Component 1), NEMA (Component 2), and CDTF (Component 3). The overall coordination of the programme is by the Programme Support Unit (PSU).The proposed management structure of EPS includes a programme Steering Committee (PSC) with representation of private and public stakeholders as well as separate Component Steering Committees for Component 2 and 3. The components are:

i. Policy Development Component-1

The componet focuses on enhancing MEMR’s capacity in facilitating and coordinating roles within the Ministry, between ministries, the private sector and civil society.

Expected Outputs

  • · A new environmental policy and strategy document prepared;
  • · Crosscutting environmental issues incorporated in selected sector plans and Golden Goose Mid Star Rea strategies;
  • · Strengthened capacity of MEMR to Tottenham Hotspur Kits 2015 monitor and mainstream Poverty and Environmental issues;
  • · Strengthened capacity of MEMR to coordinate and implement strategies related to climate change issues; and
  • · Improved levels of Environmental Education and Awareness.

ii. Strategic Management Component – 2

The component supports the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) to develop efficient management mechanisms at the Golden Goose Sneakers Herren Sale national and district levels and to fulfil their strategic plan. It supports mainstreaming of environmental concerns into other lead agencies starting with Strategic Environment Assessment(SEAs) and Integrated Coastal Zone Management(ICZM).

Expected Outputs

  • · Institutionalization of SEAs in selected key lead agencies;
  • · Decentralized environmental management capacitated in at least 20 districts;
  • · ICZM planning and management modalities Adidas Jacka Dam Billigt developed and piloted through a joint effort between NEMA and relevant stakeholders;

· Enhanced capacity of NEMA, with appropriate management and financial systems to effectively and efficiently fulfil its mandate.

iii. Community and Civil Society Component- 3

This component supports innovative approaches on awareness creation, advocacy and Columbus Crew New Jersey investments on poverty and environment linkages and to community-based management.

Expected Output:

  • · Awareness and advocacy campaigns on poverty-environment linkages provided by selected NGOs/CBOs to support environmental policy formulation and ICZM development;
  • · A programme of community projects implemented to address local environmental problems, improve livelihoods and demonstrate innovative approaches and partnerships for community environmental management; and
  • · A package of training modules, planning tools and partnership models for community participation in environmental management prepared by Civil Society Organizations in partnership with the government.

Crosscutting Issues

The success of this programme largely depends on the integration of key cross-cutting issues in implementation. In this reagard, the key crosscutting issues which were identified are gender, environment, HIV/AIDS, human rights and good governance. These issues are mainstreamed throughout the programme and its components.

With regard to gender, the programme is establishing specific interventions to enhance women’s rights, access to resources, and voice in environmental planning and policy making. The programme also supports the government initiatives to combat the HIV/AIDs pandemic and Under Armour Stephen Curry 1 Price mitigate its impact on urban and rural livelihoods as an integral part of the programme implementation.

Programme Coordination

The overall coordination of programme activities is done by the Programme Support Unit (PSU) established within the Ministry headquarters

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Background
The mission of the Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources (MEMR) is to promote, monitor, conserve, protect and sustainably manage the environmental and mineral resources for national development. MEMR is fully committed to the realization that a sustainable environment is a fundamental pre-requisite in national development, poverty eradication and improved livelihoods for all generations. In view of this MEMR is now implementing a National Environmental Education and Awareness Initiative (EEAI) to educate and raise awareness on environmental challenges to all Kenyans and to encourage the participation of all stakeholders in environmental conservation and management.

Environmental Challenges

Several environmental challenges have been experienced in Kenya mainly due to over-exploitation of natural resources and emission of wastes and pollutants into the environment leading to degradation. Some of the key challenges include:

•Pollution
Pollution of the environment especially related to land, water and air has led to adverse effects on animal and human health as well as the quality of the environment. As such, pollution poses a major challenge to environmental management which has been exacerbated by inadequate treatment facilities as well as irregular collection and disposal procedures.

EEAI will inform the public on environmental challenges such as air pollution

• Deforestation
Extensive destruction of forests has been rampant in the past due to illegal logging and excisions among other threats. This has also led to the loss of forest cover and the subsequent destruction of water catchment areas. Loss of tree cover has significantly reduced the vegetation cover which act as natural sinks for carbon dioxide. Deforestation has enhanced climate change and its impacts. In addition, it has resulted in increased occurrence of ?oods, soil erosion and drought. Some of the consequences of deforestation being
experienced in the country include reduction in water and hydro-electric power supply leading increased production costs of goods and services which will ultimately slow down Kenyan economic growth.

• Global warming and climate change
The earth’s atmosphere is getting warmer due to global warming which is causing climate change. The change in climate has led to altered rainfall patterns, variability and extremes of weather. This has led to increase in frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and rise in sea levels. This has affected crop yields, increased vector borne diseases, destroyed infrastructure, contaminated fresh waters and degraded agricultural lands.

•Land use
Poor land use has led to land degradation. Though caused by both natural and human activities, land degradation has led to desertification, loss of water, soil infertility, poor crop yields and loss of biodiversity. Land degradation has reduced soil productivity and opportunities for livelihoods’ potential to contribute to national development. EEAI will promote land use guidelines that will be developed by lead agencies based on sectoral policies within the framework of EMCA (1999) in order to mitigate this challenge. Land degradation in arid and semi arid lands

• Waste management
Waste comprises of solid, liquid and gaseous components. These are primarily penerated as a result of human activities. A great deal of wastes generated is illegally dumped leading to physical accumulation or its discharge to fresh water as effluents. Waste management is a great challenge to the country due to the absence of appropriate technologies and modern facilities. Improper waste disposal has also enhanced land degradation and reduced the quality of the environment. EEAI will promote waste reduction, reuse and recycling in order to safeguard the quality of the environment.

Public and Private Sector Participation
The Kenyan economy is primarily dependent on agriculture and natural resources. However, initiatives for sustainable management of environmental and natural resources do not receive high priority in budgetary allocation. There is need to create awareness on the value of the environment in order to enhance individual and corporate responsibility towards the same. Participation in environmental activities will in?uence ownership, positive change of attitude and change of behaviour. The public and private sector participation provides an opportunity for involvement, ownership and partnerships in environmental management. EEIA will help enhance this potential to encourage a culture of corporate social responsibility towards the environment in this sector. In addition, EEIA will encourage the private sector to increase its level of investments in environmental management as a way of giving back to nature for sustainable development. Unsustainable logging of trees has been a major environmental challenge in the country. EEAI will promote tree planting in schools and tertiary institutions.

EEAI Resource Mobilization
The initiative is likely to expand in scope

EEAI aims to work with local communities in activities such as tree planting

EEAI

This is an initiative by MEMR to provide a platform to inform, educate and engage various stakeholders. The goal is to enhance voluntary initiatives and participation in environmental conservation activities by every Kenyan through education and awareness campaigns. This is expected to foster inclusiveness and partnerships in environmental conservation and management. The implementation of EEAI will ensure effective stakeholder involvement and resource mobilization in environmental management.

Objectives of EEAI

i) Increase environmental awareness and participation in environmental
activities
ii) Mobilize the general public to get involved in the protection and conservation
of the environment and especially catchment conservation.
iii) Encourage media to embrace effective, positive and informative
environmental coverage in order to enhance awareness and prioritization
of the environment.

Proposed EEAI Activities

EEAI will mainly cover the following seven key areas:

• Public awareness campaigns
• Outreach and education
• Tree planting
• Clean-up campaigns
• Creating awareness of environmental challenges and solutions
• Promotion of best practices
• Dissemination of environmental messages through mass and folk media

Partnerships in Environmental Management Effective environmental management requires the participation of all stakeholders. EEAI will promote partnerships to integrate environmental management into the national development agenda across all sectors. The implementation of the initiative will take cognizance of the following approaches:
• Environment and Private sector

The Private Sector largely depends on the natural resource base as raw materials for production of products and services. However, the private sector often degrades the environment through generation & poor waste disposal, effluent discharge and emissions into the environment. As such EEAI offers a forum for public and
private sector partnerships in environmental conservation. This approach will synchronize activities for better management of the environment.

• Environment and Society

The civil society and general public comprise a major stakeholder in environmental management and governance. The society influence decision-making systems based on the level of understanding, physical location, knowledge, experience and presence. The initiative will work with organized groups such as CSOs and BOs in order to enhance environmental awareness.

• Environment and Youth

The Youth represent a large proportion of the Kenyan population and the future generation of the country. As such the youth provide a great potential in environmental conservation activities due to their large numbers and energies. EEAI will serve to provide a forum for youth participate in environmental conservation activities.Youth partnerships will be through learning institutions such as schools,colleges and universities as well as organized groups. Involvement the youth will enhance environmental consciousness and encourage good environmental practices for the future generation. Youth activities will include poems, art/music, drama, debate on topical issues, establishment of tree nurseries, tree planting activities and clean-up campaigns among others.

•Environment and Research

There is need to strengthen the link between research and environment. EEAI will encourage universities to undertake research on priority environmental issues in the country that will provide practical solutions and technologies.Other opportunities will be explored to identify potential areas of collaboration in both research and teaching. This will enhance the capacity in management of environmental issues.

•Environment and Media

The media is an important stakeholder in environmental education and awareness creation. The key advantage of the media is its’ ability to reach different audiences simultaneously with uniform messages. The main channels of communication include print and electronic media such as Newspapers, radio, television and cinema among others. As such, there is need to work closely with the media to enhance coverage of accurate information in the news, events, programmes and documentaries on topical environmental iissues. It is expected that this will help in?uence positive attitude and change of behaviour. The media houses are therefore urged to embrace environmental conservation as Social Corporate Responsibility (CSR).

Mobilization & Implementation Strategies

Several environmental mobilization strategies have been developed by various stakeholders such as those by National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). EEAI will harness and supplement these efforts, carry out education and awareness campaigns, help strengthen capacity of existing efforts and galvanize sectoral and institutional partnerships involving all partners. EEAI will promote the conservation of wetlands

EEAI Expected Outcomes

i. Positive change of attitude and participation in environmental conservation
among the Kenyan public
ii. Enhanced prioritization of the environment among stakeholders
iii. Enhanced partnerships in environmental governance between MEMR
and stakeholders

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Part XII Section 125 (1) of the Act establishes NET to review administrative decisions made by NEMA relating to issuance, revocation or denial of licence and conditions of licence. It also provides legal opinion to NEMA on complex matters where the Authority seeks such advice. In addition, the Tribunal has powers to change or give an order and direction regarding environmental issues in dispute.

The PCC is established under Part III Section 32 (a) of the Act to investigate and make periodic reports on allegations and complaints of suspected cases of environmental degradation. The Committee also prepares and submits to NEC periodic reports of its activities. PCC reports contribute to the annual State of Environment Report.

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The National Environment Council (NEC) is established by Section 4(1) of the Environmental Management and Coordination Act no. 8 of 1999. IThe committees are chaired by  is chaired by the Minister responsible for of Environment matters. Other members of the Council are:

  • The Permanent Secretaries responsible for matters in the First Schedule of the Act, namely:  agriculture economic planning and development, education, energy, environment, finance, fisheries, foreign affairs, health, industry, law or law enforcement, local government, natural resources, public administration, public works, research and technology, tourism and water resources;
  • Representatives of public universities;  specialized research institutions;  the business community and non-governmental organizations;
  • The Director General NEMA who shall be its Secretary.
Key Functions of NEC:
  • Policy formulation and direction for the purposes of this act
  • Set national goals and objectives and determine policies and priorities for the protection of the environment;
  • Promote cooperation among public departments, local authorities, private sector, non-governmental organizations and such other organizations engaged in environmental protection programmes;
  • Perform such other functions as are assigned under the Act.

The authority core functions are:

*   Coordinating the Golden Goose 2.12 Billigt various environmental management activities being undertaken by the lead agencies

* Promote the integration of environmental considerations into Golden Goose V-star 1 Sneakers development policies, plans, programmes and projects, with a view to ensuring the proper management and rational utilization of environmental resources, on sustainable yield basis, for the improvement of the quality of human life in Kenya.

* To take stock of the natural resources in Kenya and their utilization and conservation.

* To establish and review land use guidelines.

* Examine land use patterns to determine their impact on the quality and quantity of natural resources.

* Carry out surveys, which will assist in the proper management and conservation of the environment.

* Advise the Government on legislative and other measures for the management of the environment or the implementation of relevant international conventions, treaties and agreements.

* Advise the Government on regional and international conventions, treaties and agreements to which Kenya should be a party and follow up the implementation of such agreements.

* Undertake and coordinate Golden Goose Superstar Hombre Baratas research, investigation and surveys, collect, collate and disseminate information on the Golden Goose Deluxe Brand Sale findings of such research, investigations or surveys.

* Mobilize and monitor the use of financial and human resources for environmental management.

* Identify projects and programmes for which environmental audit or environmental monitoring must be conducted under this Act.

* Initiate and evolve procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents, which may cause environmental degradatIon and evolve remedial measures where accidents occur e.g. floods, landslides and oilspills.

* Monitor and assess activities, including activities being carried out by relevant lead agencies, in order to ensure that the environment is not degraded by such activities. Management objectives must be adhered to and adequate early warning on impending environmental emergencies is given.


Creating Awareness

Undertake, in cooperation with relevant lead agencies, programmes intended to enhance environmental education and public awareness, about the need for sound environmental management, as well as for enlisting public support and encouraging the effort made by other Mcqueen Scarf Sale entities in that regard.

* Publish and disseminate manual codes or guidelines relating to environmental management and prevention or abatement of environmental degradation.

* Render advice and technical support, where possible, to entities engaged in natural resources management and environmental protection, so as to enable them to carry out their responsibilities satisfactorily .

* Golden Goose Superstar Schuhe Prepare and issue an annual report on the State of Environment in Kenya and in this regard, may direct any lead agency to prepare and submit to it a report on the state of the sector of the environment under the administration of that lead agency.

The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is established under the Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA) No. 8 of 1999, as the principal instrument of government in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment.

The Authority became operational on 1st July 2002 following the merger of three government departments, namely: the National Environment Secretariat (NES), the Permanent Presidential Commission on Soil Conservation and Afforestation (PPCSCA), and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS). However, following government restructuring in March 2003, DRSRS reverted to its departmental status under the then Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MENR). There was a transition period characterised by the integration of previous departmental activities and appointment of the first Board of Management.

Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999

The enactment of EMCA, 1999 was a milestone in promoting sustainable environmental management in the country.  The Act provides for the harmonization of about 77 sectoral statutes, which address aspects of the environment. Some sectoral statutes have inadequate provisions for prosecution of environmental offenders, while in some penalties are not sufficiently punitive to deter offenders. EMCA, 1999 provides an institutional framework and procedures for management of the environment, including provisions for conflict resolution.

Section 3 of EMCA, 1999 states that “Every person in Kenya is entitled to a clean and healthy environment and has the duty to safeguard and enhance the environment.”  The Act is intended to ensure that our activities do not compromise the capacity of the resource base to meet the needs of the present generation as well as those of future generations (WCED, 1987)

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