The 13th Meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD/COP13) is taking place from 4-17 December 2015 in Cancun, Mexico. Biodiversity is critical to achieving the sustainable Development Goals.
It lies at the center of many economic activities, including those related to agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism. Many of the most vulnerable people depend directly on biodiversity to fulfill their daily sustenance needs, leaving them particularly at risk to environmental degradations.
Biodiversity forms the foundation of life on earth but it is disappearing in the face of human activity. Biodiversity comprises much of the renewable natural capital on which livelihoods and development are grounded.
Policies relating to issues such as land degradation and desertification, trade, transport, development, climate change, security, health care and education, all have impacts on biodiversity. The losses are due to a range of pressures driven by a range of socio-economic drivers.
The CBD is therefore one of the three Rio Conventions (together with climate change and desertification conventions). It entered into force on 29th December 1993 and it has 196 Parties which constitute the Conference of the Parties (CBD/COP).
The main objectives of CBD are; conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization.
Consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem health will be essential in (CBD/COP13), as countries embark on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and it’s SDGs and implementation of key National priorities for sustainable development.
The Venue of COP14 will be decided at CBD/COP13, in Mexico. It is hoped that Egypt’s offer to host COP14 in 2018 in Sharm El- Sheikh will be supported by all parties.