Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. Coral reefs are breeding grounds for fish and other marine life and a major tourist attraction

Coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. Coral reefs are breeding grounds for fish and other marine life and a major tourist attraction.

Coral reefs inhabit less than 0.1% of the world’s oceans but are some of the most productive and diverse ecosystems on the planet. They are the largest living structure on the planet. Though coral reefs cover less than 1% of the Earth’s surface, over 25% of all marine fish species find their homes in coral reefs.

The reef plays a diverse role. As well as bio-diversity strongholds, they are breeding grounds for fish and other marine life, a vital barrier against the force of the sea, protecting marine organisms and tourist recreation, keep out dangerous sharks commonly found in the deeper waters, and their color and the exotic coral fish they support provides a major attraction for tourists.

These amazing corals face many threats, including damage from poorly managed tourism, bad fishing practices (such as fishing with poison, dynamite or trawlers), over fishing, water pollution, climate change and many others.

Even with the looming dangers the reefs face, the level of awareness of coral reef conservation within coastal community as well as the local fishing communities has increased. This has changed the attitude of fishermen who now recognize the importance of conserving their environment for the future and are now less likely to use destructive fishing gear.

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